Atomic Energy Essay

1018 words - 4 pages

Basics of Atomic energy, including facts on how atomic energy is created Lost about 10 points, not far enough in depth(this was a science fair and I did not apply myself to "his" standards)Manoni 1Harry ManoniScience Fair - Atomic EnergyDecember 2, 1996Mr. MorganAtomic EnergyAtomic Power. Devastation. Destruction. Danger.These are 3 common words that is often misleading and tangled up with atomic power.The 3 'D's that I just stated make atomic power look cruel. Misleading because in factatomic energy is very clean and extremely useful. There are, however, many questions tobe answered in atomic energy. Like, for example, how does it work? What are its majoruses and how did it come about? And most importantly, what is the reality of the'Danger' we often associate with it? There are many other questions, but in my report Iwill try to answer these basic questions.Nuclear power is very important in the US, among other countries. First, it aids withelectric output. In fact, 12% of all of our electrical energy comes from nuclear power.The US in #1 in the consumption of electrical energy in the world with 10 to the 9thpower x 1,614 kilowatt hours. Russia places second on the list. With 78 power plantsproducing electrical energy by atomic fission, the US is quite dependent on atomicenergy. The world also depends on atomic energy, Russia being heavily involved withatomic power. The production of electricity is probably the most importantadvantage/use of atomic power. Secondly, atomic power plants require less landcompared to coal. Also, they do not release harmful chemicals into the air. The onlyform of pollution that an atomic power plant produces is thermal, which can be reused orcooled. Radioactivity, I will get to later, is another byproduct of this power. But if storedcorrectly and handled correctly poses a less than serious threat to the environment.Lastly, it is actually cheaper to run a nuclear plant than coal, oil, or natural gas. Atomicpower requires so much less fuel that coal, oil, or natural gas.' Atomic energy began with scientists and engineers taking part in World War II forthe Manhatten Project under the football stands of Chicago University.' (Keifer 11) Thefirst demonstration of this kind of atomic power was the uranium fission bomb. 'OnAugust 6, 1945 that bomb destroyed an area of 45 square miles and killed more than90,000 men, women, and children and also injured many more.' (Weiss 19) Three dayslater a bomb fueled with plutonium was dropped on Nagasaki. The same damagesoccurred.Manoni 2A few key names to know who were involved with the splitting of the atom are EnricoFermi and Leo Szilard. Atomic energy is released by splitting an atom. Heat energy isreleased in great amounts. Enrico Fermi was the first to split an atom by bombarding itwith neutrons. He also discovered that if you place water between the bombardingneutrons and the element being bombarded itself, you could release even more energy.The result of this would be the nuclei...

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