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Atomic Energy And The Development Of Drugs

3393 words - 14 pages

During the late 1890's and the early 1900's, the government was designing and building atomic weapons and developing new medications. The atomic weapons consisted of the largest atomic bombs, such as the ones that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. An example of the medications that were being developed are Penicillin and Sulfa drugs.During the First Sino- Japanese War, Hiroshima emerged as a major supply and logistics base for the Japanese military and continued through WWII. The nuclear weapon, "Little Boy" killed about 80,000 civilians and heavily damaged the city, and was the second device to be detonated, but the first ever used in military action. The American atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are commonly believed to be the major factor leading to the surrender of the Japanese governments, only 6 days after the latter attack.Nagasaki is the capital, and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture, which is located on the south- western coast of Kyushu. Kyushu is the southernmost of the four mainland islands of Japan. Nagasaki was the center of European influence in medieval Japan from first contact trough the ear of isolationist's efforts to block outside contact until the opening of Japan and the resultant modernization efforts of Japan during the Meiji Restoration. As of 2004, the population of Nagasaki was 447,419.Los Alamos was founded during WWII as a secret facility to coordinate the scientific research of the Manhattan Project, with J. Robert Oppenheimer as the laboratory's first director. The work of the laboratory culminated in the creation of three atomic bombs, one of which was used in the first nuclear test near Alamogordo, New Mexico. The bomb's code- name was "Trinity" and was set off on July 16, 1945. The other two atomic bombs were nick- named "Little Boy" and "Fat Man", which were used in the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan.On August 9th, 1945, Nagasaki became the target of the second atomic bomb attack, when the northern part of the city was destroyed and an estimated 140,000 fatalities. The bomb exploded directly above the suburb of Urakami, which was the site of Urakami Cathedral, which was then the cathedral in East Asia.At the end of the Cold War, both labs went through a process of intense scientific diversification in their research programs to adapt to the changing political conditions which no longer required as much research towards developing new nuclear weapons. Los Alamos' nuclear work is currently thought to relate primarily to computer simulations and stockpile stewardship.J. Robert Oppenheimer was born in 1904, and now is most commonly talked about when discussing the atomic bomb. In his early education, Oppenheimer attended the Ethical Culture School in New York. He took up math and science classes, Greek, Latin, French and German. He received his PhD in Germany after he graduated from Harvard in 1925 and he studied at Cambridge University. In 1929, he returned to the United...

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