Atomic Energy And Nuclear Weapons Essay

978 words - 4 pages

Yasmine Sourani
Mr Ryan Boswood
Year 9 Physical Science
13th March 2014
Task 6
Atomic energy is “the energy that is released through a nuclear reaction or radioactive decay process”(u.s.nrc). Jordan Termine stated, “According to Einstein’s researches, in 1939, he concluded the possibility of setting up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium, by which vast amounts of power would be generated”(findingdulcinea).
The scientists that have significantly contributed to the development of nuclear weapons are: Albert Einstein, who first explored the nuclear fission and its potential use as a weapon. Another key player in this field was General Leslie Groves, who conducted the first nuclear test in New Mexico under a project called ‘memorandum of secretary of war’. J.Robert Oppenheimer, also known as the father of the atomic bomb, “was appointed scientific director of the Manhattan Project. Oppenheimer dubbed the first denotation the “Trinity” Test”(findingdulcinea).
Atomic weapons were developed by the U.S in World War II because during the early years of the war the German forces showed the world the strength of their military weapons. “President Franklin Roosevelt realized that in order to win the war the United States would need to develop modern weapons of its own. For this reason, he established a national defense research Committee to further develop Einstein’s researches with the aim of building the atomic bomb before the Germans do”(manythings). To close a dramatic chapter of brutal fighting during World War II, the United States used the atomic bomb in august 6, 1945 bombarding Hiroshima, Japan. The second bombing was “three days later when the United States dropped another atomic bomb over the city of Nagasaki, Japan”(Teachinghistory).
In 1939, Albert Einstein “concluded in his researches the possibility of setting up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium, by which vast amounts of power would be generated”(findingdulcinea). “Since 1940, the United States had been working on developing an atomic weapon in order to conquer the Germans” (History.com). The U.S in World War II developed atomic weapons because during the early years of the war the German forces showed the world the strength of their military weapons. “President Franklin Roosevelt realized that in order to win the war the United States would need to develop modern weapons of its own. For this reason, he established a national defense research Committee to further develop Einstein’s researches with the aim of building the atomic bomb before the Germans do”(manythings). In July 1945, and under the Manhattan Project, the United States conducted the first successful atomic test in the desert of New Mexico. The United States used the atomic bomb on august 6, 1945 bombarding Hiroshima, Japan. The second bombing was “three days later when the United States dropped another atomic bomb over the city of Nagasaki, Japan”(Teachinghistory). This was a brief history of...

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