Attachment Theory Essay

1820 words - 7 pages

Attachment theory has had some very powerful theorists that have come up with these ideologies. In 1969, John Bowlby was the first theorist to develop the attachment theory. It is a theory developed to explain the emotional ties that children had with their parents or caregivers. It was believed that a child’s attachment style with a caregiver was developed throughout childhood and influenced how an individual interacts with society. It also gave an indication on what their parenting styles might be like, although this was not always a concrete indication. Bowlby’s theory provided the basis on which Mary Ainsworth also worked on and developed. In the 1970’s Ainsworth developed and conducted the “strange situation” experiment, which proved to be very influential to the development of attachment theory. She identified four patterns of attachment referred to as secure attachment, avoidant attachment, ambivalent attachment and the more recently added disorganised attachment (Westen, Burton, & Kowalski, 2006, p. 501) The theory of attachment is very important as this is when children form and develop a secure and trusting bond in the first year of life to develop normal relationships in later life (Bowlby, 1988). In this assignment I am going to create three different scenarios and relate them to the three different attachment styles. These scenarios will demonstrate the varying characteristics displayed from each attachment style and the affects they might have in later life. I will also look at some of the critiques within the attachment theory.

Ainsworth produced these different styles of attachment through the duration of experiments. These experiments were tested in a structured way. The caregiver and child would sit in a room playing with toys when, the mother would get up and leave. Ainsworth closely examined the way in which the children responded to this and the way they responded on their arrival again. The child whom welcomed their mother’s closeness and who welcomed the mothers return was named secure attachment. The children whom ignored the mothers arrival was deemed as avoidant attachment and the children whom were perceived as showing signs of anger yet still actively seeked the mothers attention and contact was called ambivalent attachment.

These following scenarios fit into each of the three attachment styles; secure, ambivalent and avoidant. Charlotte is the 2 year old child of Sandra. Sandra is a solo parent who has fully immersed herself into her work as she cannot deal with the problems she is presently faced with. Sandra tries her best with Charlotte but finds it very hard to meet her needs, so she buries herself in her work and is very inconsistent in caring for Charlotte. As a result of Sandra’s parenting technique Charlotte is very wary of people. When Sandra leaves Charlotte as Kindergarten each morning she becomes quite distressed. But with the return of Sandra, Charlotte does not seem to be comforted by this either....

Find Another Essay On Attachment Theory

Attachment theory Essay

687 words - 3 pages Attachment theory is a theory (or group of theories) about the psychological tendency to seek closeness to another person, to feel secure when that person is present, and to feel anxious when that person is absent.Attachment theory has its origins in the observation of and experiments with animals. A famous series of experiments on infant monkeys by Harlow and Harlow demonstrated that attachment is not a simple reaction to internal drives such

Bowlby’s Attachment Theory Essay

1651 words - 7 pages Bowlby’s attachment theory has greatly influenced practice. His theory of attachment explains the importance of having a figure that the child shares a strong bond with. Having an attachment can significantly support a child’s development as Barbara Woods suggests that “his theory of attachment proposed that attachment is innate in both infants and mothers, and that the formation of this attachment is crucial for the infants development” Wood, B

John Bowlby's Attachment Theory

2169 words - 9 pages John Bowlby’s attachment theory established that an infant’s earliest relationship with their primary caregiver or mother shaped their later development and characterized their human life, “from the cradle to the grave” (Bowlby, 1979, p. 129). The attachment style that an infant develops with their parent later reflects on their self-esteem, well-being and the romantic relationships that they form. Bowlby’s attachment theory had extensive

Attachment System Theory Application

1461 words - 6 pages Family life can sometimes be perceived as chaotic and unreasonable when faced with challenges. However, from a systems theory perspective, these erratic behaviors can often be explained by the interdependent workings of the family itself and reveal reason within chaos. Applying the attachment theory to this theory, an explanation for a child’s reactions within the situation and in the future can be attributed to the relationship between the

BOWLBYS ATTACHMENT THEORY

2798 words - 11 pages INTRODUCTIONThe essay composition is based on the following issues:An explanation of the principal theoretical framework that will be discussed in the essay;Application of the theory in the case study;Criticism on Bowlby's theory and alternative theories that are applicable in this situation;How and why knowledge of these theories are useful and relevant for social workers;THE EMERGENCE OF ATTACHMENT THEORYAccording to John Bowlby (cited in

The Attachment Theory

1799 words - 7 pages Attachment is an emotional bond that is from one person to another. The attachment theory is a psychological, an evolutionary and an ethological theory that is concerned with relationships between humans, specifically between mother and infant. A young infant has to develop a relationship with at least one of their primary caregivers for them to develop socially and emotionally. Social competence is the condition that possesses the social

Modifications of Bowlby's Attachment Theory

2432 words - 10 pages Modifications of Bowlby's Attachment Theory Bowlby's original theory of attachment was concerned with the bonding relationship that develops between an infant and his primary caregiver. He believed the process of bonding to have a biological basis as the genes of those infants who successfully sought the protection of a caregiver (from predators and other dangers) will have survived and been passed on. Bowlby also

The Attachment Theory and Factors Damaging to Attachment

1253 words - 5 pages Attachment Theory Relationships are the building block for personality and are significant in children’s ability to grow into substantial individuals who can thrive in an often harsh world. Constructing lasting and fulfilling relationships is an integral part to development as the interpersonal bonds forged are not only highly sought after but also set the ground work for all upcoming expressive interactions. Relationships and attachment go hand

Foundations and Characteristics of Attachment Theory

1141 words - 5 pages Attachment Theory Attachment theory comes out of the work of John Bowlby. However, it finds its genesis in Freud’s Psychoanalysis. Bowlby himself was trained in psychoanalysis and became a qualified practitioner in the approach. In his early 20s, however, before he enrolled in medical school or in the Institute of Psychoanalysis, he worked with children with behavior problems. These two forces, these experiences, perhaps formed the foundation

Adult Attachment Theory in a Romantic Relationship

1699 words - 7 pages dissatisfying and unhappy marriage which may leads to divorce. Background: The theory of attachment was developed by John Browbly, a British psychologist who demonstrated that infants are born with preprogrammed to bond with their significant person, a primary caregiver. Once the infant develops the emotional attachment with caregiver, infant will consider them as the secure base where they feel protected and secured from environmental threats or

Influences of Attachment Theory on Personality Development

1241 words - 5 pages The concepts proposed by attachment theory have been very influential to the field of personality psychology. Over the years, many studies have supported the notion that mother-child attachment styles during childhood can impact future styles of behavior. Research conducted by Festa and Ginsburg (2011) examined the impact of parental and peer factors on the development of social anxiety amongst children. Further research conducted by Li and Chan

Similar Essays

Attachment Theory Essay

801 words - 4 pages One of the basic assumptions Bowlby makes in his attachment theory Is that physiological or physical threats activate an attachment system example loss of an attachment figure. Attachment triggers such has hunger, fatigue, failure, loss, threats of failure or loss and real failure or loss activates an attachment system. A sense of anxiety or stress comes about when these triggers are set and the individual feels the need to maintain

Attachment Theory Essay

1817 words - 7 pages Introduction John Bowlby developed his Attachment Theory to examine and explore the contextual relationships between a child and their caregiver and their behavioral repercussions. He describes it is “a way of conceptualizing the propensity of human beings to make strong affectional bonds to particular others and of explaining the many forms of emotional distress and personality disturbance, including anxiety, anger, depression, and

Attachment Theory Essay

755 words - 4 pages . He is best known for his research into attachment formation and his development of the attachment theory. Bowlby hypothesis of attachment is that both babies and mothers have evolved a biological need to stay in contact with each other. Bowlby’s theory has four main parts: a child has an inborn need to attach to one main figure; a child should receive continuous care from this main figure for at least the first two years of life and if this

Attachment Theory Essay

2229 words - 9 pages To gain a better insight of attachment theory Mary S. Ainsworth developed a concept unfolding the underlying behaviors infants display towards their mothers. Without a mother infant bond, insecure attachment can develop causing psychological and emotional stresses. However, a maternal bond is needed for a healthy development in an infant, without the necessary mother infant bond negative behaviors can arise leading to difficulties in