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Attachment Theory Essay

755 words - 4 pages

Have you ever had that lonely feeling when your parents leave for work? Well don’t worry that’s normal because you have made an attachment to your parents. When something goes wrong your parents are your safe haven, you rely on them to keep you from being harmed. We are brought up that our parents are the ones we must rely on for our needs until we are at least eighteen. A man named John Bowlby proposed that we are born with the need to attach to someone and that if the attachment is disturbed then it will cause irreversible damage to a child.
John Bowlby was born February 26, 1907 in London. With very little interaction with his mother, the main caregiver to the six children was a nanny. Bowlby formed a deep attachment to the nanny. When Bowlby was four years old the nanny left and he felt a sense of deep loss. It impacted him deeply and was the reason he started his research on attachment. Bowlby was an academically gifted man and excelled well in everything that he did. Bowlby studied psychology at Trinity College, in Cambridge. At the University College Hospital in London, Bowlby studied medicine and enrolled in the institute for psychoanalysis. After Bowlby graduated he began working at the Maudsley Hospital as a psychoanalyst. During World War II Bowlby was a member of the Royal Army Medical Corps. Bowlby continued in the medical field as a Deputy Director of the Tavistock Clinic. In the 1950s, Bowlby worked briefly with the World Health Organization as a mental health consultant. At the Child Guidance Clinic in London, Bowlby began to conduct his research on attachment and child development. Bowlby married Ursula Longstaff and had four children. He passed away in 1990.
John Bowlby was a psychologist and psychiatrist in the twentieth century. He is best known for his research into attachment formation and his development of the attachment theory. Bowlby hypothesis of attachment is that both babies and mothers have evolved a biological need to stay in contact with each other. Bowlby’s theory has four main parts: a child has an inborn need to attach to one main figure; a child should receive continuous care from this main figure for at least the first two years of life and if this attachment is disturbed then it...

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