The term personality is derived from the Latin word persona, which means mask. Personality is the public image of self. It is the attribute that is visible to the world. This aspect of personality implies that the vital attributes of an individual remains concealed for various reasons. Personality enables a person to be socially viable meaning that an individual might possess a very good personality or a bad personality or no personality at all. Thus, several definitions of personality exist. There is no perfect way to define personality. Personality in totality has to do with the differences that exist within individuals which may be in behavior in thinking pattern and in emotional outbursts. There are various theories of presented by theorists which is based on their own studies and projections.
Personality is a dynamic organization, inside the person, of psychophysical systems that create the person’s characteristic patterns of behaviour, thoughts and feelings(G.W. Allport, 1961).
The way a person thinks, behaves and acts can be define as personality. The study of personality focuses on two broad areas: the first study involves the understanding of individual differences in particular personality characteristics, which may be sociability or irritability. The second study involves understanding how the different attributes of an individual come together as a whole. The internal process that guides behavior is personality. Gordon Allport (1961) makes the point that personality is psychophysical, which means both physical and psychological. There is biological as well as genetic phenomena involved to impact personality. Child(1968) makes the point that personality is stable – or at least relatively stable. One does not change all of a sudden in one night or in a fortnight, neither can an individual predict how his/her colleagues will behave and how will we react when they do not behave according to our expectations. Child (1968) includes consistency existing within an individual and the differences existing between individuals. The characteristic pattern of behavior within an individual is what makes up personality according to Allport(1961).
There are various important considerations involved while discussing about personality. Thus, we can say that personality is what makes our thoughts, actions, as well as feelings consistent (or rather relatively consistent). Also, it is one aspect which makes an individual different from the other.
1.1 Psychoanalytic theories:
Psychology is incomplete without studying the theories proposed by Sigmund Freud in the early years of the twentieth century. Sigmund Freud(1856 –1939) had begun to write about psychoanalysis, which he described as ‘a theory of the mind or personality, a method of investigation of unconscious process, and a method of treatment’(1923/62). He basically talked about how the unconscious mind is so much powerful than our conscious minds. The concept of unconscious mental processes is...