Attention Deficit Disorder Essay

2572 words - 10 pages

Attention Deficit Disorder


Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a problem that affects 5% to 10% of all children ADD affect more children than any other childhood problems except asthma. It is estimated to be the largest single cause for first referrals to child guidance clinics throughout the country, making up as many as 40% of those cases. Many ADD cases are not diagnosed because the problem most often does not prevail in the doctors office. Current estimates suggest that approximately 50 to 65% of the children with ADD will have symptoms of the disorder as adolescents and adults.
Although ADD has just recently been discovered and there is still relatively little known about it. In 1902, George Frederick Still first believed the dilemma of the problem child was linked to a biological defect inherited from an injury at birth and not the result of the environment. Through 1930-40's stimulant drugs were first used to successfully treat many behavior problems due in part by Still's hypothesis. In 1960, Stella Chess further boosted research in the field by writing about the "hyperactive child syndrome." She took Still's hypothesis further stating that the resulting behavior problems stem from a biological cause, although it is linked to a genetic inheritance rather then a birth defect from an injury. Finally, in 1980, the syndrome was named Attention Deficit Disorder, due in large part to Virginia Douglas' work to find accurate ways to diagnose it (Hallowell 12).This is currently how it stands in the axis two of the DSM-IV today, with the addition of a new category Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and there sub types.
Most scientist now believe that an abnormality in brain chemistry could be to blame for the symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder. The frontal lobes of the brain are believed to be responsible for the regulation of behavior and attention. They receive information from the lower brain, which regulates arousal and screens incoming messages from within and outside of the body. The limbic system which is a group of related nervous system structures located in the midbrain and linked to emotions and feelings then sends the messages to the frontal lobes. Finally, the frontal lobes are suspected to be the site of working memory, the place where information about the immediate environment is considered for memory storage, planning, and future-directed behavior. Scientist believe the activity in the frontal lobes is depressed in people with ADD.
Studies also show, a decrease in the ability of the Attention Deficit Disorder brain to use glucose, the body's main source of energy, leading to slower and less efficient activity. Neurotransmitter provide the connection between one nerve cell and another. It is also now suspected that people with Attention Deficit Disorder have a chemical imbalance of a class of neurotransmitter called catecholamine. Dopamine, helps to form a pathway between the motor center of the...

Find Another Essay On Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

1378 words - 6 pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder “ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is like living in a fast moving kaleidoscope where sounds, images and thoughts are constantly shifting.” (NIMH-ADHD) ADHD can be very frustrating and difficult for children. Medication and treatment are available and have been proven effective. Parents can also get frustrated and they could do something wrong. ADHD is effectively treated with

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

2369 words - 10 pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is often the center of ongoing debates in the medical field. Critics have described ADHD as a diagnosis used to label difficult children who are not ill, but whose behavior is at the extreme end of normal range ( (K. Lange, 2010). However, unbalanced chemicals in the brain cause ADHD. It is not something children can control and it is more than a

Attention Deficit Disorder

1934 words - 8 pages Attention Deficit Disorder      Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is commonly known as a childhood syndrome characterized by impulsiveness, hyperactivity, and a short attention span, which often leads to learning disabilities and various behavioral problems. The exact definition of ADD is, “an inability to control behavior due to difficulty in processing neural stimuli”(online medical dictionary). Neural pertains to nerves. There are three

Attention Deficit Disorder

1023 words - 5 pages Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD (ADHD) is a disorder that affects many functions that your brain provides. ADD and ADHD are the names that you would know this adolescent by. Although people with ADD/ADHD have a harder time concentrating and focusing in school and as they move on in life, through education, medications and other treatments, children with ADD, can overcome some of the symptoms

Attention Deficit Disorder

2589 words - 10 pages What is Attention Deficit Disorder? Commonly referred to as ADD, Attention Deficit Disorder is not easily defined. ADD is a condition affecting the brain that makes it difficult for some people to control their behavior. ADD has been medically defined as a neurological disorder. There are many symptoms, and not all people with attention deficit disorder share every symptom. The first signs of ADD often, but not always, show up in early childhood

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

1621 words - 7 pages Course Project Part 1: Interview and Background Research Laura Schofield Argosy University Online Program (PSY381) Instructor: Dr. Robert Gregory   This paper will attempt to describe Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The different causative factors, as well as the diagnosis of this disorder will also be described. Finally, the different treatments that are available for ADHD will be discussed.   Attention

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

848 words - 4 pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (also referred to as ADHD) is a common emotional and behavioural difficulty problem. According to the HADD Ireland Website (2014), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a medical/neurobiological condition in which the brains neurotransmitter chemicals, noradrenalin and dopamine do not work properly. ADHD is a disorder that without the correct detection, treatment and management can have

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

1594 words - 6 pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder that displays as distracted, hyperactive, and unable to focus on tasks and activities. Also known as Hyperkinetic Impulse Disorder, Hyperkinesis, Hyperactive Syndrome, Minimal Brain Damage, Minimal Brain Dysfunction, and Undifferentiated Deficit Disorder, ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed neurological disorder in children. Although many children with ADHD are quite

Attention Hyperactive Deficit Disorder

2570 words - 10 pages Attention Hyperactive Deficit Disorder “You know how it feels when you’re leaning back in your chair and it’s just about to fall over? I feel like that all the time!” This is how a person affected with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) feels every day. ADHD refers to a family of related disorders that interfere with an individual's capacity to regulate activity level, inhibit behavior, and attend to tasks in developmentally

Attention Deficit Disorder

3033 words - 12 pages Attention Deficit Disorder Five year old Danny is in kindergarten. It is playtime and he hops from chair to chair, swinging his arms and legs restlessly, and then begins to fiddle with the light switches, turning the lights on and off again to everyone's annoyance--all the while talking nonstop. When his teacher encourages him to join a group of other children busy in the playroom, Danny interrupts a game that was already in progress and

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

2763 words - 11 pages Chris BrownEnglish 102: section 6May 3, 1996ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDERApproximately 3-5% of all American children have anAttention Deficit Disorder (ADD). ADD is a leading cause ofschool failure and under-achievement. ADD characteristics oftenarise in early childhood. As many as 50% of children with ADDare never diagnosed. Boys significantly outnumber girls, thoughgirls are more likely to be undiagnosed with ADD. 'ADD is notan attention disorder

Similar Essays

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

1293 words - 5 pages ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER is a condition that can occur in both children and adults who constantly display inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER is one of many disorders that features problems in two major places; which are the impulse control and ability to focus attention on the different tasks. Children and adults with ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER either have a

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

905 words - 4 pages Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is actually a fairly new disorder. The first known case of ADHD was reported in 1798 by Sir Alexander Crichton. He then published three books on ADHD and other mental illnesses. The disorder became more acknowledged in 1844 due to Heinrich Hoffman, a German physician. He created many children’s books on ADHD, which some are still popular to this day. The disorder was brought more attention in 1902 as Sir

Attention Deficit Disorder Essay

1166 words - 5 pages Attention Deficit Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder otherwise known as ADD is a condition that refers to an individual’s inability to control their own behavior or impulse(McEwan 70). This can begin in early childhood and interfere with children’s ability to do well in school and social situations. These patients also have troubles blocking out noise or other stimuli in order to focus on a task or what is being said. ADD is a

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

1053 words - 5 pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition that is characterized by a person's inability to focus attention. The condition is present at birth and is usually evident by early childhood (Nagel, 2002, p.237). It is the major cause of poor school performance of children, but is not a learning disability. The exact cause of ADHD is unknown. Some researchers believe that the mechanism