Attention Deficit Disorder in College Students
College years can be one of the best times in life. They are filled with the discovery of freedom and independence. However, they can also be some of the most challenging times a person will face. It is a time when the majority of the population discovers that they have a disability, Attention Deficit Disorder, or ADD. ADD is discovered in college mainly due to the problems with time management, initiating, keeping or shifting focus, completing homework, and setting priorities (Quinn 1). College students who discover ADD must first be educated as to what ADD is, how it is caused and what type of treatments there are, in order to achieve all that they can in their college career.
Many children who continue to show visible difficulties with attention, impulse control, and excessive activity in the home and school environments are labeled with attention deficit disorder, or ADD (Bigler and Nussbaum 1). ADD is a neurological condition that affects learning and behavior. It affects approximately 5 - 10% of the population. It develops in childhood, and usually is not grown out of (Quinn 2). ADD is characterized by persistent and excessive problems in which a child is unable to focus and pay attention, or conversely displays hyperactive and impulsive behavior (Nicholl and Stordy 4). It has only been recently that ADD has been recognized as a distinct disorder (Bigler and Nussbaum 2).
The term ADD was not first used to describe the disorder. George Frederic Still, one of the pioneers of ADD, described children with "lawlessness," and lacked "inhibitory volition." The terms "minimal brain dysfunction," "brain-injured child syndrome", and "hyperactive child syndrome," are all signs of generations with labels that were used to describe this disorder (Nicholl and Stordy 26). The disorder has been discussed throughout literature for over 30 years, but it was not until the 1980's that a classification for ADD was developed (Bigler and Nussbaum 3).
Some of the top characteristics of ADD are: attention difficulties, distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsivity, attention-demanding behavior, school difficulties, and learning disorders. It is extremely difficult to describe the characteristics of children with ADD. The key to the characteristics is the intensity, the persistence, and the pattering of these symptoms (Wender 10-31).
There are no real causes for ADD, and only a few common explanations are given, and of these, some are more believable than others. A family pattern seems to exist with ADD. Studies have shown that approximately 20 - 30% of children with ADD have a parent with similar attention troubles. This means that a subgroup of children with ADD may have inherited a type of gene that is related to ADD (Bigler and Nussbaum 20). This cause of ADD is most accepted among physicians around the world. Many people used to believe that the nurture of a child, when being...