Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (Adhd) Essay

1644 words - 7 pages

Running Head: ADHD ON INTELLIGENCE
Social and Bio-genetic Influences
of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
on Child Intelligence

     Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has undergone intense research
in the past decade. Much of this is rooted in the fact that approximately 5% of children
are affected with the disorder. Children with ADHD are identified as having increased
behavioral difficulties because of excessive motor activities, poor self regulation and
inattentiveness. It has been found that as many as 30% of children inflicted with ADHD
have learning disabilities with academic underachievement becoming a failure or bother in
the school system. Since these children do not meet the expectations of society and their
learning environment they are usually met with anger, punishment, and rejection. In turn
these children develop a low-self esteem and low levels of motivation.
     The reason for ADHD is still a mystery to researchers. Within the field there are
many things that point to biological (genetic) and social causes. The idea seeks to explore
current research through investigating the social and bio-genetic influence of ADHD on
child intelligence. Testing and treatments of those with ADHD will also be discussed.
     Even though ADHD occurs in people of every intelligence, a majority of children
affected experience academic problems. These children may have specific learning
disabilities, such as dyslexia, or may have multiple learning problems. In a study
comparing ADHD children with those unaffected, those with the disorder performed
significantly worse than the others. Learning disabilities can be said to arise from
attentional difficulties in the classroom setting. Many of these difficulties occur in tasks
where listening and time is a factor. Reading disabilities have also been found as a result
of ADHD. The attention span of someone with ADHD is usually shot in a controlled
setting they can hardly function, without distractions wich makes them sociably
unacceptable.
     Even though there is a higher prevalence of boys and those with low intelligence
diagnosed, others with ADHD are impaired as well. Results have found that girls with this
disorder face greater intellectual impairment, especially with picture vocabulary tasks, than
boys or control girls. There is also significant findings that the level of intelligence affects
ADHD children in different ways. More specifically those with both ADHD and normal
to high intelligence are more prone to accidents, and have a smaller number of steady
friends. Children who were identified with low intelligence and ADHD were found to
have more behavioral and emotional problems in their adolescence. Long term studies
have found that the outcome of these children was continued academic problems and
school failures. However there is suggestion ADHD children show greater...

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