ADHD and the Prospect of Substance Abuse
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder whose symptoms consist of hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Individuals diagnosed with ADHD often experience difficulties being able to focus on a particular task and controlling their behavior. The disorder is also associated with lower academic success, delinquent behavior, and difficulty maintaining stable employment. These problems are the results of the inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which are the symptoms used to measure ADHD (Breyer, Lee, Winters, August, & Realmuto, 2014).
I selected the topic of ADHD because it is a disorder that I have witnessed directly. My older brother had severe ADHD and was diagnosed at the age of 6. Being only thirteen months apart, we were very close growing up and he always had an immense amount of energy. He was prescribed Adderall, which helped relieved his symptoms. Being a teenager, he often avoiding taking his medicine because he enjoyed being the funny, energetic person he was without it. When he did take his medicine, he was able to focus better in school and was more in control over his behavior. On the days where he did not take it, he had difficulty paying attention in school and his behavior was out of control. He did however, grow out of ADHD and his symptoms did not persist into early adulthood. I think that ADHD is an important disorder to discuss because it has a worldwide prevalence and can persist into one’s adulthood. It also has the potential to disrupt one’s academic achievement at a crucial time in one’s life.
. that is often associated with several characteristics that persist into adulthood. Such characteristics include substance abuse, the dependency on a substance, especially that of alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco. These psychosocial problems are the results of the inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which are the symptoms used to measure ADHD (Breyer, Lee, Winters, August, & Realmuto, 2014).
This course has taught be that ADHD is commonly misdiagnosed because the symptoms of hyperactivity and attention difficulties are prevalent among young children, which is the time when this disorder is typically diagnosed. I was also unaware that this disorder is more common among males than females. I have several friends, both male and female, that have been diagnosed with the disorder and was not aware of this. Also, the potential of misdiagnosing a child with ADHD is a serious problem because the unnecessary exposure to stimulant drugs at such a young age can be critical for their brain development.
Research done by Breyer, Lee, Winters, August, and Realmuto (2014), relates to ADHD because they examined the likelihood of substance dependence in adulthood for those diagnosed with ADHD. The researchers acknowledged that adolescents were more likely to use drugs and alcohol at an earlier age if...