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Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

1293 words - 5 pages

ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER is a condition that can occur in both children and adults who constantly display inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER is one of many disorders that features problems in two major places; which are the impulse control and ability to focus attention on the different tasks. Children and adults with ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER either have a problem with inattention; meaning a short attention span, often fall to give close attention to details of makes careless mistakes in school work, work, or other activities, often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly, and is often forgetful in daily activities, etc. An inability to block out distractions, or are hyperactive and impulsive. Hyperactivity may vary with age and development level. Active toddlers and preschoolers, unlike normal young children, they’re constantly on the go. School age children show similar behavior, but usually with less frequency or intensity; they often leave seats in the classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected, interrupts or intrudes on others, and talks excessively. Impulsivity and hyperactivity are connected. It’s being impatient of different situations. At times the child blurts out answers before questions have been completed, doesn’t like to wait. These actions are persistent enough to cause problems in the home, school, or with playmates. Impulsive before can often lead to accidents or engaging in dangerous activities without consideration of possible consequences; anger and fighting is often quickly triggered in response to minor provocation.
It is not understood how ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER develops, psychologist believe it has something to do with dysfunction in a section of the lower part of the brain. Evidence show that the area does not work properly in people with ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER and their behavior is the brains attempt to generate new stimulation to maintain alertness. Obstetrical problems during pregnancy or delivery, such as bleeding or lack of oxygen, can also cause neurological damage. Difficulties during pregnancy and birth probably on account for a tiny percentage of ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER cases. Prenatal factors are more important than birth problems in the cause of psychiatric disorders. Babies with low birth weights develop ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER. If a fetus is exposed to toxic substances like alcohol and lead, it can produce abnormal effects on behavior. Prenatal and postnatal toxic exposure to disabilities and children with ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER often have higher levels of lead in their blood than sibling without the disorder. Early malnutrition is the most common cause of ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER like symptoms. Children who are severely malnourished in the first year of life about 60...

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