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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

1819 words - 8 pages

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Introduction
Experts have different views on attention deficit disorder also known as Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) regarding diagnosis, medication and dependency in children resulting from use of stimulant. Minors under medication to prevent ADHD have been on the rise for the last 3 decades in the U.S. The diagnosis of ADHD varies, some states shows a high percentage of diagnosis. Production of stimulants such as Ritalin for ADHD treatments is on the rise, with scientists explaining that it is recommended for treatment.
According to Schwarz and Cohen (2013), approximately 11% of children are under medication. Authors have pointed out that one boy in every five high school boys have received medical treatment for ADHD. The above mentioned prevalence rates of ADHD among children and increase in medication have raised concerns among physicians that over-diagnosis and overmedication has become common among American children. Prescription of certain stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall for children for improvement of their lives downgraded by the disorder has led to anxiety, addiction and psychosis. Experts think that long term use of stimulants such as Ritalin leads to physical dependence. It is also clear that long term users and abusers of Ritalin leads to the addiction. Schwarz and Cohen (2013) show that close to 6.4 million children of age of 4 and 17 have been diagnosed with ADHD in their lifetime. The reports made in the past two decades show a 41 % increase of ADHD diagnosis. In addition, there is an increase in diagnosis of the disorder by 16% among children since 2007. According to Lavender (2013), North Carolina has the highest number of children diagnosed with ADHD. The prevalence rate has increased for the last decade. The state of North Carolina has the highest rate of ADHD with claims that children of age 4 to 17 were diagnosed with ADHD. The statistics above raised concerns with analyst claiming that the ratio is too high. The study is pushing parent to conduct diagnosis on their children.
However, a study conducted in the U.S. shows that 1 in every 5 high school boys have undergone medical diagnosis. Furthermore, 11% of the school children have received a diagnosis of ADHD. The results are based on the National Survey of Children Health between 2011 and 2012. Many physicians, psychiatrist and patients have appreciated the recognition on over-diagnosis of ADHD. However, a few seem to differ with the idea that the over-diagnosis and over-medication of ADHD has recently increased. Their opposition is based on the fact school children are abusing drugs to make it better in school or to remain calm. The behavior is common in schools, teenagers obtain drugs from their classmates and this has increased health risk and more about ADHD (Schwarz and Cohen, 2013).
The diagnosis of ADHD is only done by talking to parents or teachers. There is no other test that is conducted to...

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