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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

905 words - 4 pages

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is actually a fairly new disorder. The first known case of ADHD was reported in 1798 by Sir Alexander Crichton. He then published three books on ADHD and other mental illnesses. The disorder became more acknowledged in 1844 due to Heinrich Hoffman, a German physician. He created many children’s books on ADHD, which some are still popular to this day. The disorder was brought more attention in 1902 as Sir George Frederick Still used his research on childhood diseases to create medical textbooks on ADHD. The works these men have attributed have helped find many solutions, drug treatment and lifestyle changes, which are still used today.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the most common chronic health problem that affects millions of children. It is most common in young male children, although, female children and young adults may also be diagnosed. ADHD is usually noticed right away by the ages of 2 or 3. The disorder is not fatal, but does make certain daily tasks very challenging and difficult for the individual. The actual cause of ADHD is unknown. Many physicians and specialists believe this is a genetic disorder passed through heredity; there is no proof of evidence on this theory however. “Children with ADHD often have problems paying attention, are unable to sit still, and do things without thinking first. About half of children with ADHD also have learning problems such as reading disability. About half of ADGD children and teenagers have behavior problems.” (Zieman, 2012). Signs and symptoms of ADHD are hard time paying attention; not following through on instructions; easily distracted or bored; appears to not listen; daydreams often; organized tasks and activities are problematic; not completing chores, homework, or other tasks; over talkative; very fidgety; trouble waiting their own turn; interrupting others constantly; always in motion/ very energetic; and loses things often/ forgetful. These conflicts cause issues in the classroom/ learning environment and many times bad study/learning habits, which then lead to poor self-esteem.

Many parents don’t know where to start when they think their child might have ADHD. The first step is to try cutting out excessive sugar from the child’s diet and encourage exercise. If the changes don’t work make a journal of all the symptoms, including dates, and visiting the family physician. The doctor will discuss whether the logged signs are indeed ADHD symptoms or if they are just acting like a regular, energetic child. If he does suspect ADHD, he may recommend a specialist who will run a few tests before diagnosing. The most common prescribed medications for this disorder are stimulants, including methylphenidate and amphetamine/dextroamphetamine. These drugs boost and balance the neurotransmitters in the brain....

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