Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder & Autism in the Classroom
When teaching it must be expected that there will be students that have behavioral disorders. These disorders must be taken into consideration when giving these students the best education possible. Teachers must accommodate to these children and incorporate them into the daily classroom. Every teacher has their own methods of doing this and can use their creativity to come up with these strategies for teaching. Some strategies may not work, so instructors must put much thought into how they are going to accommodate to these particular students.
A very common disorder in children is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD. These students have a difficult time holding attention due to the lack of the ability to concentrate. These students tend to act impulsively, have attention deficits, and sometimes exude hyperactive behaviors. Children that have ADHD do not qualify for special education unless they also have another disability. Approximately 7.8 percent of children from the ages of 4 to 17 have been diagnosed with ADHD, research also shows that males are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD over women. These ratios vary from 4:1 to 9:1. These students with ADHD can be impulsive, which means they act before they think or before considering the situation that they are currently in. They also have a hard time concentrating and find it difficult to sit still. There are medications for ADHD, and they are prescribed often, there are also a variety of drugs that have been proven to make a child with ADHD more attentive and improve their academic performance. Unfortunately, these drugs have side effects such as weight loss, blood pressure changes, and insomnia. The Educational Psychology textbook advises that when working with these students in the classroom to make sure they understand all the rules and procedures of the classroom. They also advise the teacher to carefully choose the student’s seat, limiting distractions and keeping the student close to the teacher. An important part is to allow the hyperactive child time to be active. The book also encourages the teacher to keep consistent contact with the child’s home (Slavin, 2009).
Research has found that in the past decade there has been an increasing number of students that have been diagnosed with ADHD (Brand et al., 2002). Due to the increase of children being diagnosed with this disorder, it is important for teachers to further their knowledge of ADHD and apply better teaching methods to incorporate these students into the classroom. Students with ADHD make up approximately 5-10% of all school-age children (White et al., 2010). Recently, teachers have been advised to provide frequent monitoring of these students. Along with frequent monitoring a quiet, structured, and predictable classroom can be helpful when teaching students with ADHD (Brand et al., 2002). Brand also states that in...