Attention Hyperactive Deficit Disorder Essay

2570 words - 10 pages

Attention Hyperactive Deficit Disorder

“You know how it feels when you’re leaning back in your chair and it’s just about to fall over? I feel like that all the time!” This is how a person affected with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) feels every day. ADHD refers to a family of related disorders that interfere with an individual's capacity to regulate activity level, inhibit behavior, and attend to tasks in developmentally appropriate ways.

Some statistics:

75% people with ADD get divorced

50% stay behind a grade

46% have been suspended

11% have been expelled

3-5% (going on 15-20%) school aged population has it.

2.5 - 3 million school aged children have it

The most common behaviors of ADHD fall into three categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. People with ADHD may show several signs of being consistently inattentive. They may have a pattern of being hyperactive and impulsive, or they may show all three types of behavior. Inattention is when people have a hard time keeping their minds on any one thing and may get bored with a task after only a few minutes. They may find it agonizing to do homework without getting bored. Often they will forget to plan ahead by writing down the assignment or bringing home the right books. When finally trying to do work they may find themselves drifting to something else; as a result, work will rarely get done.

People who are hyperactive always seem to be in motion; they cannot sit still in one position. They may squirm in their seat or talk incessantly. Sitting through a single class could be an impossible task. For example, hyperactive teens and adults may touch everything, wiggle their feet, or noisily tap their pencil.

Impulsivity is when people seem unable to curb their immediate reactions or do not think before they act. They may blurt out things that they wouldn’t have said if they thought about it beforehand, this could be a very dangerous habit. Running out into the street without looking would be a mistake caused by impulsivity.

Not everyone who is overly hyperactive, inattentive, or impulsive has an attention disorder. If most people occasionally do all of these things than how do specialists assess whether a person has ADHD? Specialists consider several critical questions to find an answer. Do these symptoms occur more often than in other people the same age? Are they a continuous problem? Do the behaviors occur in several settings or only in one specific place like the playground or office? The person’s pattern of behavior is compared to a set of criteria in a reference book called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

ADHD Is Not Usually Caused by:

Too much TV
Food allergies
Excess sugar
Poor home life
Poor schools

Six or more of the following symptoms of...

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