I. Attention Material
A. Issue at hand.
1. Disasters can occur at any moment, anywhere; financial and human consequences are very difficult to predict.
2. Disasters, over the last century have been increasing at a rapid rate as only 50% of events require Federal assistance. (FEMA)
3. Federal mitigation plans and programs reduce the impact of a given disaster also with our dependence on taxes, Treasury for relief.
B. What is Mitigation?
1. Mitigation is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. (FEMA)
2. In order for Mitigation to be effective we need to understand risks, choices, investment and well-being.
C. Mitigation's Value to Society
1. Safer communities due to a reduced in life losses and structural damage.
2. Minimized flood disaster and increased resiliency factor.
3. Less financial impact on individuals, communities, and society.
II. Orienting Material
A. In 2012, 357 natural triggered disasters were registered. (Matera, 2014)
B. A total of 9,655 people were killed and 124.5 million people become victims worldwide. (Matera, 2014)
(Transition: Risk analysis is an important feature and consists of multiple programs to support findings)
I. Risk Analysis Programs
A. The Federal Government and other agencies need to understand the impact of natural hazards by applying the most up to date multi-hazard engineering techniques to reduce their effects.
B. Flood Hazard Mapping
1. Flood Maps are designed by FEMA experts to prioritize flood prone areas within the United States.
C. National Dam Safety Program
1. Protect people and property from dam failure.
2. NDSP builds a relationship with the stakeholders, state and federal agencies that encourage dam safety.
3. Grant supports the development of State dam safety programs that regulate most of the 79,500 dams in America. (Perke, 2014)
D. Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning
1. The purpose of mitigation planning is to identify policies and actions that can be implemented over the long term to reduce risk and future losses.
2. Identify cost efficient plans, prioritize resources, build community partnerships, and align community objectives
(Transition: Now that we understand risk analysis programs, risk reduction is a key during the implementation phase)
II. Risk Reduction Programs
A. The goal of risk reduction is to protect life and property which includes planned construction and existing structures.
1. Resiliency is a community’s ability to rebound from a given event. Resiliency is required at all levels of emergency management; local, state and Government, to be sustainable during a disaster
B. Hazard Mitigation Assistance Grant Programs
1. Provides grants to states and local governments to implement long-term hazard mitigation measures after a major disaster declaration.
2. The purpose of the HMGP is to reduce the loss of life and property due to natural disasters and to enable mitigation measures to be...