CHAPTER - V
This chapter dealt with the findings of the study to compare the knowledge, attitudes and practices of rural and urban woman towards breastfeeding. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data and analysis was done with the help of descriptive statistical method and chi - square test. P value <0.05 was considered as significant.
Results were presented under the following headings:
Part I: Deals with the frequency and percentage distribution of demographic characteristics of rural and urban women.
Part II: Deals with the overall breastfeeding knowledge scores obtained from the rural and urban women.
Part III: Deals with the overall breastfeeding attitude scores obtained from the rural and urban women.
Part IV: Deals with the breastfeeding practices among the rural and urban women.
5.1 Sample characteristics
This part dealt with the distribution of sample based on the demographic variables.
A total of 200 women were included in the study among which 100 were from rural and 100 from urban areas. Among 200 women majority of the women(44%)( 33% rural and 55% urban)were between the age group of 21-25 years and 28% (56)were between the age group of 15-20 years. Only 10% of the total sample were in between 31-35 years.
Most of them were Hindus(60.5%) and were from nuclear family(62%). A further 27.5% women were Muslims and 12% were reported as Christians.37% of the mothers were from joint families. Rural women were more likely to be Hindus, from nuclear families and were house wives.
The mothers education was mainly secondary school (30.5%) followed by primary education (23%). 25 rural and 21 urban mothers were illiterates. There was a great variation among educational status of rural women, with large proportion having completed primary and secondary education than urban women and also most of them having limited education. Mothers who completed intermediate and degree were almost double in urban areas (22,10) when compared to rural(10,5).
The respondents family income was classified into six categories. The family income of the mothers were predominantly between 4001-6000(28.5%) followed by 6000- 8000 per month(27.5%). Very few mothers belongs to the families with monthly income above 10,000.Only 7% of the sample reported their family income as less than 2000 per month. In rural (29%)majority of the mothers monthly family income was between 2001-4000 compared to urban counterpart(9%). Among the study group 60% (rural67,urban53) were multiparous women and 40%(33 rural,47 urban) were primipara.
Table – 1
S.No Variables Rural n=100 Urban n=100 Total n=200
n % n % n %
1. Age in years:
15-20 31 31 25 25 56 28.0
21-25 33 33 55 55 88 44.0
26-30 21 21 08 08 29 14.5
31-35 08 08 12 12 20 10.0
Hindu 66 66 55 55 121 60.5
Muslim 22 22 33 33 55...