This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Augustan To Gothic Period (18th Century Literature)

1046 words - 4 pages

Augustan to Gothic period1713-1789IntroductionThe 18th century in English literature can be divided into two periods: The Augustan Age (The Age of Pope) - 1700-1745 and The Age of Sensibility (The Age of Johnson) - 1745-1785.This was the period of heavy colonizations of the new world and the time when cities rise. Various inventions, as well as the Industrial and Agricultural Revolution, influenced manufacturing and the British trade with the rest of the world; both of which grew tremendously.Some of the most important inventions of the time are: the fire extinguisher by Hoppfer,mercury thermometer by Fahrenheit, lightening rod and bi-focal glasses by Franklin, an improved steam engine by James Watt, the submarine, circular saw, the parachute, etc. One of the greatest discoveries was Bering's discovery of Alaska in 1741.18th century is the time when the middle class rises. Newspapers, magazines, grammar books and dictionaries gain popularity. New professions are introduced, such as: fashion designers, hairdressers and dancing masters. Some scientific ways of explaining the world emerge and female writers become more and more common.LiteratureThe writers of The Augustan Age considered the Age of Augustus in ancient Rome to be a very important cultural period and they wanted their own period to have similar importance. Therefore they called themselves Augustan poets, and the period: Augustan Age.This period is the time when the novel rises and drama loses its importance. The most important writers of novels were Daniel Defoe who wrote Robinson Crusoe, Jonathan Swift with his famous work Gulliver's Travels, Samuel Richardson with his novels Pamela and Clarissa which is an epistolary novel and Henry Fielding whose most famous works are Joseph Andrews and Tom Jones. These authors used lots of humor and satire in their novels.Some of the female novelists were: Charlotte Lennox and Sarah Fielding, with their works: The Female Quixote and David Simple.The Gothic novel was born when Horace Walpole published his horror novel TheCastle of Otranto in 1764.One of the most well-known poets of that time is Alexander Pope. His most famous work is The Rape of the Lock. Other poets include: Thomas Gray, Oliver Goldsmith , William Cowper and George Crabbe.As the middle class grew, so did the need for the printed word. Magazines and newspapers gained popularity, as writing became a profession (McRae, Carter, 1996). Some of the magazines which were printed at that time were: The Tatler, The Gentleman's Journal, The Gentleman's Magazine and The Spectator.Another form of literature which was very popular at that time was writing letters anddiaries (McRae, Carter, 1996). Famous letters include those of Lady Mary Wortley and Lord Chesterfield.AmericaIn America, the period from 1607-1776 is called The Colonial Period. Most of the literature of this time was produced by Puritans who colonized New England. This is also the time of The American Enlightenment which was...

Find Another Essay On Augustan to Gothic Period (18th century literature)

The Abolitionist Movement in 18th Century American Literature

2055 words - 8 pages was a remnant of the persecution faced by the first generations of Puritans and Quakers that drove them to America in search of religious freedom. Perhaps it was the spiritual awakening that was prevalent during the middle of the 18th century. Perhaps it was the emerging national identity that was beginning to make its way through the colonies. Whatever the impetus, men like Sewall and Mather began to lay the foundation for what would eventually

The Importance of 17th and 18th Century Literature and Literature in its Entirety

754 words - 4 pages Kepler’s Law, William Shakespeare was perfecting blank verse. Pen to paper was seen as more beneficial than the realizing the importance of earth’s orbital motion. The 17th and 18th centuries were the times of such profound literature such as The Tragical History of Doctor Faust, Macbeth, Gulliver’s Travels, and Paradise Lost. Without these works, we would not know greatness. During the 17th and the 18th century, some of the greatest works in

Edgar Allan Poe -- Write a biography of an author from the Gothic period of literature

467 words - 2 pages baptized. Poe's life as a child was boring to say the least, though he went to school for 5 years in England. Six years later he entered the University of Virginia, but only stayed for a year. Although he was an excellent student, he was a gambler, and not a very good one at that. He ran his debts up, so he left never to return. In the process, he broke off his engagement with Sarah Elmira Royster, his Richmond sweetheart. He had lacked support after

a bridge to the 18th century

630 words - 3 pages digitally in the hollow present.      Postman assesses different ideas in each chapter: Chaper One: A Bridge to the Eighteenth Century      Postman heralds the accomplishments of personalities of the 18th Century, including Goethe, Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot, Kant, Hume, Gibbon, Paine, Jefferson, Franklin, Mozart, Beethoven, Bach, and Haydn, among many others. Chapter Two: Progress &nbsp

To what extent is Frankenstein typical of gothic literature?

1150 words - 5 pages To what extent is Frankenstein typical of gothic literature? In you answer make close references to its context and Mary Shelly's use of language. This essay will assess how typical of the gothic genre writings is Mary Shelly's "Frankenstein". The novel was written at a time when electricity was first discovered and Galvanism was being explored, mainly for medical reasons. People at this time were ignorant and sceptical of medicine and

As Envisioned in the 18th Century: Narrowing the Alien Tort Statute to its Original Application

2128 words - 9 pages , Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, in 2004, the Court attempted to limit claims allowed under the ATS to those comparable to international law claims envisioned in the 18th century, when the ATS was originally enacted, such as those involving ambassadors, safe conduct, or piracy. Most recently, in Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., the U.S. Supreme Court significantly constrained the reach of the ATS over activities that occur on foreign soil, setting a

Major Technological Changes During the Period from the 15th Century to the 2010s

1755 words - 8 pages development of mass media. The following essay will discuss the major media trends which were led by the invention of new technology and how exactly a new technology would create a restructuring of political and economic system during the period of mid-fifteenth century to the 2010s in America. According to the textbook, the author Starr introduced the developmental path in American mass communication, which started with the postal service and

To what extent did the constitutional development of the American colonies in the 18th century conform to the model of English constitutionalism?

769 words - 3 pages The Constitutional Development of the American ColoniesThe constitutional development of the American colonies in the 18th century conformed to the model of English constitutionalism to the extent that the core was built to work the same way as the English constitution. However, after modeling the American colonies after the English constitution, the colonists built into it their own ideas and changes to create a constitution that would best fit

How did literature change throughout Europe between the Medieval Times to the Renaissance Period and What contributed to that change?

672 words - 3 pages Religion, technology, literature, and certain people were a part of the change between the Medieval Times and the Renaissance Period throughout Europe. The certain places that were most affect by this change was France, England and Italy. Each one was effected differently in many ways. The change in Italy all started in the 14th century. But due to the cause of the war in 1337 to 1453, the change in England and France all started in the late

17th Century China: An Influential and Powerful Empire This essay was to be one that compared two major empires from the 17th-18th century and how significant they were to the west and the world

1694 words - 7 pages There were many different stable and wealthy empires in 1680, filled with flourishing economies and powerful leaders. As an influential and growing empire, China was deemed to be the strongest among the many other nations that existed in the 17th century. In order for acountry to be truly successful and powerful, it must meet certain criteria. An empire must be unified, led by a strong government that satisfies its people's needs. To meet those

Major Technological Changes During the Period from the 15th Century to the End of the Civil War Era

1547 words - 7 pages development of mass media. The following essay will discuss the major media trends which were led by the invention of new technology and how exactly a new technology would create a restructuring of political and economic system during the period of mid-fifteenth century to the end of the Civil War in America. According to the textbook, the author Starr introduced the developmental path in American mass communication, which started with the postal

Similar Essays

To What Extent Has Gothic Literature Continued Or Changed From The 18th Century To Present Day?

2101 words - 9 pages had become synonymous with the Middle Ages where chaos, unenlightened and superstition came to play. Renaissance critics believed that Germanic tribes regarding it as barbaric and ugly created Gothic architecture, this had erroneous attribution continued throughout this particular period. However, the unexpected Gothic architecture was revived in the late 18th century, which arguably spawned its way throughout this particular period to as long

To What Extent Has Gothic Literature Continued Or Changed From The 18th Century To Present Day?

2390 words - 10 pages to be with architecture. Indicating that the supernatural has emerged into the Gothic Literature mould and remains there as another convention similar to architecture. The supernatural element is predominating in mostly 19th century novels to establish the language of terror. In most contemporary novels the supernatural is heavily involved especially with Rebecca and Woman in the Black. Walpole’s supernatural language presented in the Castle of

To What Extent Has Gothic Literature Continued Or Changed From The 18th Century To Present Day?

692 words - 3 pages Evaluation When coming to the conclusion, it is interesting a range of opinions about whether or not Gothic Literature is losing his popularity or is still popular as ever. A range of opinions inform the judgment to be made about Gothic Literature. Overall, the responses gathered come up with the idea that Gothic Literature is losing its popularity, although, according to figure 2.2 this is supported by figures made in 2007 to 2008 which

18th Century, Period Of Enlightenment Essay

588 words - 2 pages The Enlightenment took place during the 18th century and was defined as "man's leaving his self-caused immaturity." A popular motto took place: "dare to know." It was a period of questioning and appliance of reasoning to explore many subjects often left untouched. People were leaving behind their past and advocating the use of scientific method instead of unproven beliefs on religion. The Enlightenment takes its name from those who wanted to