Augustus And Emperor Worship Essay

821 words - 3 pages

ROMAN RELIGIONAUGUSTUS AND EMPEROR WORSHIPAugustus carried out various measures to revive traditional religion, but was careful to avoid the semblance of a dictator or tyrant. The very title 'Augustus' had religious connotations, meaning 'a person in whom numen was increased.' The concept of the ruler as a god, however, was new to Rome. Although statues of leaders were made during the republic, they were not regarded as gods. Julius Caesar set the precedent for emperor worship in Rome, and probably started a cult of himself. A statue was set up in a temple with the inscription: 'To the unconquered god.' It was decreed by senate that he have a house like a temple and a priest. He was also deified after his assassination: 'He died at the age of 55 and was declared a god" (Suetonius).Augustus had to be careful to avoid the errors of Julius Caesar and the resentment that he had engendered be claiming to be divine during his own lifetime. He called himself a 'son of a god'--- 'divi filius', but did not accept deification in his lifetime.) He did, however, capitalize on Julius Caesar's claim of descent from the gods). After Augustus, however, other emperors accepted or sought worship in their own lifetimes e.g. Nero and DomitianProcess by which a Roman Emperor became a god:Claim to divine descentStatues eg those of Augustus were adjacent to statues of godsImages of the genius of Augustus were placed next to those of the Lares( household spirits) at crossroads. The genius received honoursBeing honoured by poets---- Horace and Virgil praised Rome and linked Augustus to the gods: 'son of the Deified.' (Aeneid). They also reinforced the idea that he would be made a god on his deathA libation was offered to the genius of Augustus at every meal in Roman householdsAugustus was referred to as the father of the nation --- 'pater patriae.' "Pater' was also used to address godsThe Ara Pacis, the Altar of Peace, was consecrated by Augustus. It shows members of Augustus' family as well as Tellus Mater, the mother earth goddess, and Aeneas, father of the Roman raceAugustus's name was praised in hymns along with the godsThe Consuls offered prayers to his health every 5 yearsTemples were built to honour Augustus or his achievementsThe Temple of Apollo was linked to his home on the PalatineAugustus (and the emperors after him) was Pontifex Maximus, head of the college of Pontiffs. This...

Find Another Essay On AUGUSTUS AND EMPEROR WORSHIP

Augustus Caesar Essay

2310 words - 9 pages , Companion 105).When Augustus became emperor, he tried to drastically reduce the size of the Senate on several occasions. Unlike Julius Caesar, he did not think just anyone should be allowed to be a Senator. He thought all those who were unworthy to be a Senator were to be kicked out of office. After many futile attempts, he abandoned the quest to eliminate those he felt were unworthy to be a Senator. Also, Augustus had to be careful and not

Augustus Caesar Essay

1076 words - 4 pages naming of the eighth month after him. The only thing that saved the destruction of the Roman Empire was the emergence of a brilliant political leader, Octavian Augustus Caesar, first emperor of the Roman Empire. Bibliography: Walworth, Nancy Zinsser. Augustus Caesar. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1989. Scarre, Chris. Chronicle of the Roman Emperors. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1995. Eark, Donald. The Age of Augustus. New York: Crown Publishers Inc., 1968 Warry, John. Warfare in the Classical World. New York: St. Martin’s Press Inc., 1980 Fagan, Garret G. “AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.).” N.d. (11 December 2001)

Augustus

751 words - 3 pages that Augustus was more than a man, but not quite a god. The Senate gave him other great names and titles that had been held by other officials in the Republic. They also gave him the legal power to rule Rome's religious, civil and military affairs, with the Senate as an advisory body, effectively making him Emperor. After the death of Lepidus, he gained even more power with the title of Pontifex Maximus, or “chief priest”. Later, Augustus was named

Investigating the Factors that Led to a Roman Emperor Being Worshipped as a God

3394 words - 14 pages ] and this created a politically awkward situation within Rome. While the east bestowed many divine honours on Roman emperors, the elites within the city did not condone any divine worship of a mortal. The emperor was one of the elite and although he was thought of as the first man, he was after all only a man. Augustus was the first emperor to have and maintain an official cult whilst alive. Although he accepted

Septimius Severus

1755 words - 7 pages There are many Roman emperors and there are a few that people see as experiencing success. In a recent survey by worldaffairsboard.com Augustus, Marcus Aurelius and Trajan were voted as the best. Septimius Severus who was also a great emperor was not even on the list. There are many things that go into making a good emperor such as military strength, taxes and life of the people in Rome. Septimius Severus was a great emperor because he had many

Ovid

1287 words - 5 pages Ovidian Poetry during the Moral Renaissance of Augustan Rome Many years of chaos, social strife, and war precluded Augustus? reign as emperor of Rome. The people felt that the Gods were punishing them because they had forsaken their traditions and ancestors. So, Augustus revived many rituals and games and he also built many temples to renew the magnificence of the Gods in the peoples eyes. He especially focused on the worship of Apollo.# Being a

Augustus Caesar - The First Roman Emperor

779 words - 3 pages Augustus Caesar - The First Roman Emperor In ancient history there have been many great leaders who had saved the Roman Empire from destruction and demise. The leaders and heroes of the Roman Empire are countless, but one leader stands out from all the rest. Augustus Caesar’s contributions to Roman history helped make Rome the dominant empire we know of today. Augustus Caesar was without a question the greatest political leader in the

Augustus' Reign

543 words - 2 pages Augustus, during his reign as emperor proved effective in ruling through the ideas he implemented to solidify his country. Tacitus stated “nullo adversante” which translates into English “Wholly unopposed” (http://janusquirinus.org/Quotes/QuotesHome.html) this identifies the effectiveness of his reign and the strength he had politically over Rome. Important actions such as the creation of religious and moral reforms, the constitutional agreement

From Roman to Greek Art

549 words - 2 pages fifteenth century, perhaps at Anzio, and placed in the Vatican Belvedere by Pope Julius II. Compare to Apollo Belvedere, the culture of the Augustus' sculpture, which called the Emperor Augustus, is different since the Apollo Belvedere is from the Greece and the Emperor Augustus is from the Rome. Emperor Augustus, was found at Prima Porta, which is north of Rome. Both the statuses are related in style. Both of them has a heroic, idealized body

Augustus Caesar

1421 words - 6 pages as emperor. Augustus was the first emperor of Rome. The first thing Augustus did to restore peace was present to Rome a new constitution. This constitution "transferred the State to the free disposal of the Senate and people ("Augustus" 370)." There were still several civil wars but definitely not as many as before. He had many military operations continuing in many frontier areas. By the year 25 BC rebellious Alpine tribes

History Book Report on Augustus Caesar

874 words - 3 pages textbook may not have.History sees Augustus Caesar as the first emperor of Rome whose system of ordered government provided a firm and stable basis for the expansion and prosperity of the Roman Empire over the next two centuries. Shotter explores the background to Augustus' spectacular rise to power such as the condition of the Republic before he came to power, his political and imperial reforms, his personal qualities of statesmanship and unscrupulous

Similar Essays

The Character And Achievements Of Roman Emperor Augustus

842 words - 3 pages . Although the piece references many great works of Augustus, the general tone of the work and the particular way Suetonius wrote about him was a lot less praiseful than it appears to be. He explains some Augustus’ less dignified moments in his life and many of his cruel acts as emperor. Tacitus, the Annals of Imperial Rome by Tacitus portrays a very different image of Augustus. He praises Augustus on occasion however, he also mentions his less

"I Found Rome A City Of Brick And Left It A City Of Marble" (Augustus, Res Gestae) To What Extent Does Augustus' Public Building Programme Explain His Success As Emperor?

1401 words - 6 pages There are many reasons for which Augustus was successful emperor amongst which his building programme plays a vital role. Besides his building programme Augustus also used other means to become successful and the main ones are his avoidance of being seen as an arrogant leader or dictator, keeping his promises, claimed to act in the ways and will of their ancestors, he was selfless, he put on games and also his victories at war. The period

Augustus Caesar Essay

1013 words - 4 pages Augustus Caesar Works Cited Missing Augustus Caesar, the Rome's first true Emperor was the historical figure who had the greatest impact upon the western world between the dawn of civilization and the end of the middle ages. Augustus Caesar (31B.C. - 14 A.D.) was originally named Gaius Octivian, the name Augustus was granted by the Roman Senate, which means magnificent. The success of Augustus was he developed an honest government, and

Augustus Essay

1470 words - 6 pages Augustus and His Success in Creating a Strong and Religious State Throughout his life, Augustus, the first emperor of Rome and self-proclaimed “restorer of the Republic”, sought to improve society. After a disastrous century of disorder, internal turmoil and a political system that was ultimately unsatisfactory for the empire, Augustus attempted to formulate a new Roman government and way of life. He believed that the degradation of