Aurum Est Potestas. Latin For Gold Is Power. A Brief History Of Imperialism In The Belgian Congo. Covers From 1885 To Present Day.

1358 words - 5 pages

"Aurum Est Potestas." In Latin, it translates into "Gold is power." What better way to sum up the idea of Imperialism? Imperialism is defined as the policy of extending a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations. Territorial acquisition and economic hegemony both reflect the attitude of the world in the eighteenth and ninetieth century. Countries struggled to gain control of what they view to be weaker countries, with no thought as to the rich cultures these lands had cultivated. After gaining control, these "mother countries" began taking the natural resources of their colonies, and tried to turn the "heathens" of their conquests to the ideas of Christianity. Right in the middle of the economic and religious struggle stood Africa, and more importantly, the Belgian Congo.The story of imperialism in the Belgian Congo started in 1885. At the time it was internationally recognized as the Congo Free States. The title, however, was really a joke. King Leopold ruled the land with a combination of terror and greed. His system of exploration was aimed at increasing Belgium's profit in commercial industries such as ivory and rubber. Under such a system, the people of the Belgian Congo suffered through the most brutal colonial regime in modern history. The reports of slave labor, summary executions, mutilations, rape, and many other brutal forms of torture were circling the globe. Finally, in 1904, the Congo Reform Association was formed in England. With help from the United States, the Congo Reform Association used both written testimony and photographic evidence to encourage international intervention into the Congo on humanitarian grounds.Belgium was facing international outrage for the cruel treatment the people of the Congo had to suffer under the control of King Leopold. To appease the rest of the world, the Congo was annexed by Belgium in 1908, making it the Belgian Congo and therefore striping King Leopold of his personal control over the area. Now, the Congo was under the control of the Belgian parliament.Under Belgian parliament, the people of the Congo found much better treatment by the mother country. However, the Congo still did not receive the power to govern itself. The Belgian parliament governed the colony has most countries did at the time. Known as paternalistic colonialism, the policy treated the governed people in a fatherly way by providing for their needs, but gave the people no right or responsibility. Education in the colony was controlled by the Catholic and Protestant churches. Native schooling was mainly religious and vocational, with little or no regard for native culture or beliefs.Starting in 1950, the world was once again pressuring Belgium to change the government in the Congo, but this time, they wanted the Congo to be a self-governing state. After World War II, Belgium joined the UN, and ratified article seventy-three of United Nations...

Find Another Essay On Aurum Est Potestas. Latin for gold is power. A brief history of imperialism in the Belgian Congo. Covers from 1885 to present day.

Belgian Colonializm in the Congo Free State

1040 words - 4 pages The violent and forced rule of the Congo is a horrific time in African history. The time period beginning with Henry Morton Stanley's first exploration to the Congo, and King Leopold's desire of this area, had been a nightmare for the people of the Congo. The civilizing mission to the Congo not only resulted in the killing of thousands of people but also the destruction of a culture. The two articles, 'Belgian Colonialism in the Congo', and the

Discovering Libya: From Imperialism to the Present

2057 words - 8 pages rulers. Lastly, Libya still to this day benefits from imperialism because Italy is paying 5 billion dollars for occupying Libyan lands. The major negative effect of imperialism in Libya was the death of nearly half of all Libyans at the hands of foreign powers. Another negative side to imperialism occurred when many citizens were forced to live in concentration camps. When Italy did not take in mind world war treaties while fighting for control

A Brief History of American Imperialism

1738 words - 7 pages , and is clearly imperialist in nature. The acquisition of the Louisiana territory by Thomas Jefferson from the French in 1803, was too good a deal to pass up. Primarily interested in the strategic port city of New Orleans, and unrestricted use of the Mississippi River for trade, when offered the entirety of the territory by Napoleon, Jefferson saw an opportunity for the expansion of his “empire of liberty”. However, this treaty, made official on

I'm a Reel Boy - Essay about the history and evolution of special and visual effects in the motion picture industry. Covers techniques from pyrotechnics to digital composites.

1216 words - 5 pages Kong himself was an animated model, brought to life on screen using stop-motion filming. It is a very labor-intensive method. Models have to be moved a fraction of an inch, their facial expressions changed, and then shot, with 24 different shots being taken for just one second of film (Special). A few of the many films that utilizes are Star Wars, James and the Giant Peach, Chicken Run, and The Rocketeer.Sets also played a large roll in film and

A Brief History of Clocks: From Thales to Ptolemy

2909 words - 12 pages measurements of time needed to be established. For example, if two orators were to be allotted the same amount of time to speak before an assembly, a water clock of this nature would have been constructed for the occasion. In the second century BC., a man named Ctesibus created a more elaborate water clock for measuring the time of day. The Clepsydra, as it is called, consisted of four major parts: a vessel for providing a constant supply of

Describe the general development of financial accounting regulation in the United Kingdom from 1970 to the present day.

1039 words - 4 pages respective organisations. However we do now, in the ASB, seem to have a reasonably stable and well respected organisation, which should in theory be around for a long time to come. The ASB attribute their relative success mostly to their ability to respond to change, although ironically, it is on precisely this issue that they have recently come under criticism for. Recent allegations to this effect have been fired from a number of sources, including

Imperialism and the Conquest of Africa -History of the European conquest for Africa (1870-1914) -Brief overview of Imperialism in general -Key people in the European conquest of Africa

1472 words - 6 pages History has always been the key to our existence. We learn from our failures to better our future, just as we learn from our triumphs to excel even further. A very important time in the history of our world was the "New Imperialism Movement" which began in 1870. The Imperialistic idea began with the British conquest of Africa. This time period was a time of the desire to acquire different colonies in the name of your country. The forerunners of

The History of Beer in America: Describes the early roots of beer in America from the first breweries til the days of prohibition til present day.

715 words - 3 pages In North America, alcoholic beverages were being produced long before any of the Europeans arrived. It is known that the first European settlers were greeted by natives who were bearing gifts of wine made from the persimmon. In the southwestern region of the continent, the native Indians were brewing a beverage made from the fermentation of a type of corn called maize. It is also known that the passengers of the Mayflower were forced ashore

Impact of Imperialism in Africa Case Study: Congo

3954 words - 16 pages aims of imperialism because he is unable to find any just reasoning for these tactics. This becomes, in part, a personal quest for Marlow to redefine what he believes imperialism to be. However, in midst of his search for the truth, he becomes overwhelmed by the horrors and disturbances of the Congo. Marlow recollects an event where a rebel village had been sacked by Belgian forces;[1: Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. New York: Knopf, 1993. Print

A History of the California Gold Rush

1569 words - 6 pages miners did not return home because of embarrassment or death (Holliday). The California Gold Rush was not just a migration for the Americans, but an event in history where people from around the world use to their advantage. Many foreigners worked the mines; among them that came to California were Chilean, Chinese, Irish, Mexican, German, and Turkish. Unlike most of the Americans that were in California, the foreigners did not intend to

Sources of Capital - Lands' End - Paper covers sources of capital for the company Lands' End. 582 words also includes brief history of the company and link to the annual report.

584 words - 2 pages , assets, and additions of new facilities. The company has no long-term debt reported during fiscal year 2001 and that is commendable since it is a rather large company. From the information gathered in the Annual Report, their earnings are continually on the rise each year. If they continue to perform as they have been, there is a good chance they will continue to be successful.ReferencesHoover's Online. (2003). Lands' End, Inc. - company history. [Online].Lands' End, Inc. (2001). 2001 Annual report. [Online]. Retrieved August 5, 2003 from'%20End%202001%20An nual%20Report.pdf

Similar Essays

A History Of The Belgian Congo: A Colonial Paradox

1941 words - 8 pages century when Arab raiders drove the foreigners out of the country (Gunther 1955). However, another foreign power was about to grace the Congo shores as King Leopold II of Belgium took the Belgian throne in 1865, determined to elevate the small nation to new industrial and economic heights (Hochschild 1998). Leopold sought out the services of Henry Stanley, an English explorer, to explore the region and build a foundation for a future colony

The History Of The Belgian Congo

1291 words - 5 pages The history of the Belgian Congo is one of terrible sadness and seldom-noted human devastation. From 1885 to 1908 the Congo was ruled by one man as his sole, personal colony; a ruler ironically noted at the time for his philanthropy, King Leopold II of Belgium. Seeking his own colony, he founded the Congo Free State, a massive territory in the African interior that was larger than seventy-six times the size of his own country (Hochschild

The History Of Ethnocentrism In Australian From Confederation To Present Day

684 words - 3 pages ethnocentric value. Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one principle culture. This was particularly evident in the progression of immigration policies and the treatment of certain ethnic groups and refugees in particular incidents. The immigration policies of Australia in the early 20th century demonstrated the ethnocentric notions of the Australian government and society. In 1901, Australia’s first

Justified Violence In The Belgian Congo

1343 words - 5 pages violence against the African people occurred regularly. Violence was believed to be a necessary component in the process of building a successful Belgian state. King Leopold II had set intentions for the Belgian Congo before the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885. His desires were to fight slavery and explore Central Africa: “To open to civilization - the only part of our globe where it has not yet penetrated, and to enlighten the darkness which