Established by Nazi Germany in 1940 in the suburbs of the Polish city of Oswiecim, Auschwitz, a Nazi concentration camp, was the largest concentration camp established during the Nazi regime. The Auschwitz concentration camp complex contain three main camps called Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II , and Auschwitz III. Auschwitz became a symbol of terror and genocide because of the residential life , performed medical experiments ,and the punishments and executions given to its different types of prisoners("KL Auschwitz-Birkenau”).
Moreover, Auschwitz’s prisoners included the Jews, Poles, gypsies, Soviet POWs (Prisoners of War), Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals ,and other nationalities. In addition, some prisoners at Auschwitz was classified by being marked with triangles also known as winkels. For example, political prisoners was marked with red triangles, criminal prisoners was marked with green triangles, asocial prisoners was marked with black triangles, Jehovah's witnesses was marked with purple triangles ,and pink triangles marked homosexual prisoners. Furthermore, Jewish prisoners was marked with the Star of David or a red triangle striped with yellow. At Auschwitz, all prisoners faced the same fate of death except for the those who managed to survive. It’s estimated 1.1 million prisoners died at Auschwitz in the 5 years of its existence ("Prisoner Classification System in Auschwitz") ("Auschwitz").
Moreover , prisoners in Auschwitz lived in the former Polish army barracks; which was later remodeled by the Germans When Auschwitz open the prisoner’s rooms had no furniture, but prisoners often slept on the floor with mattresses stuffed with straw. In addition, The barracks was often overcrowded with prisoners. Later in the years, the prisoners’ room began to get three-tiered bunk beds and other furniture. Furthermore, barracks upgraded with lavatories on the ground floor, electric lighting, and heating systems. In addition, prisoners received low nutritional three meal per day with often unsweetened beverages like coffee or tea. Hard labor combined with inadequate nutrition leads the destruction of the organism, and this leads to emaciation and starvation sickness which major cause of death either naturally or from being selected for the gas chambers. Moreover, the prisoners’ workday began at 4:30 am in the summer and 5:30 am in the winter ,but their day ends at 9 o’ clock. Furthermore, prisoners performed different types of hard labor during the week,but on Sunday and holidays prisoners did not work but they did simple tasks for themselves("Living Conditions").
Furthermore, at Auschwitz many prisoners was subjected to medical experiments performed by German physicians, who serious violated their medical ethics. The high - leveled experiments performed by Auschwitz doctors was to help contributed to the postwar plans or to help meet the army needs or to help support their racial ideology. Furthermore, many Auschwitz doctors experimented...