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Auschwitz Essay

775 words - 3 pages

Tout le monde connaît le camp de concentration et d'extermination Auschwitz. J'essaierai de vous présenter et expliquer les circonstances de ce lieu dramatique de l'histoire de l'humanité.Benjamin nous a expliqué le génocide (ça veut dire: la persécution et extermination des juifs pendent le nazisme) en général. Et pour exterminer tous les juifs, les nazis avait besoin des camps de concentration. En février 1940, la SS a construit dans la petite ville polonaise Auschwitz un camp de rééducation (Umerziehungslager). Les premiers détenus sont arrive le 14 juin 1940. On nommait ce camp Auschwitz 1. Le 11 mars 1941 Himmler, le chef de la SS, faisait une inspection. Il avait l'impression que ce camp pouvait être plus grand. Alors les nazis ont pris la ville voisine - Birkenau. Ce nouveau part du camp s'appelait Auschwitz-Birkenau ou Auschwitz 2. Maintenant les nazis avait deux camp de prison, mais pour employer ces prisonniers on devait construire une zone industrielle. Alors les prisonniers devait construire des usines est des entrepôts. Cette zone deviendra Auschwitz 3. Ces constructions tuait environs dix mille prisonniers soviétiques. Mais ce n'est pas tout. Quand Himmler a appris ces pertes, il avait l'idée d'un camp d'extermination. Auschwitz serait un bon choix parce que c'était situé entre Cracovie (Krakau) est Kattowitz, des autre camps de concentrations. Une firme allemande construisait les incinérateurs pour éliminer les cadavre de ceux qui meurent au camps.La situation dans les camps était catastrophale. Les détenus végéter dans des bloc a trente personnes. Les autre installations était la place d'appel, des cuisines, une hôpital - infirmière, une salle de spectacle et même un bordel. Avec tous ces installations Auschwitz était un camp de concentration classique. Non j'ai oublié quelque chose. A l'entré du camp il y avait une grande pancarte. Sur cette pancarte on pouvait lire 'le travail rend libre' (Arbeit macht frei).Les SS ont aussi construit un bâtiment très sinistre. Là il y avait des cellules et des chambre où les SS pouvait interroger et torturer les détenus. Par exemple il y avait une chambre ou les nazie ont castré des hommes. Là ils ont fait aussi les expériences médicales on opéré les juifs sans anesthésie. Les prisonniers devait travailler. Ceux qui étaient malades ou trop faible était fusillé par les SS. Les...

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