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Auschwitz: An Extermination Camp Essay

1091 words - 5 pages

Torture, a word only used in movies. You would never think of it happening in real life. Yet in Auschwitz, people faced torture and something far worse: death. Most people know Auschwitz as one of the deadliest concentration camps. But what some people aren’t aware of is that Auschwitz was an extermination camp. Millions of people, not only Jews, died in the camp due to the mass killings inflicted by the Nazis. Life in Auschwitz was something that people would call a living hell. The only way out of the camp was death. The able-bodied prisoners were sentenced to labor, later they would die from starvation. Jews, Gypsies, Soviets, and other people were imprisoned in the Auschwitz camp. The death toll still hasn’t been totaled yet. It averages from 1 million to 6 million deaths in the camp. “The camp was established in May 1940 which was a year before the Germans embarked the 'Final Solution' to the 'Jewish Question'' (Luke Travels). The plan was to murder all Jews living in Europe The prisoner population increased from 11,000 prisoners to 18,000. People from Russia came to the camp because they were prisoners of war (Berkeley Heights). “The Soviets were told to undress and leave everything they had so that they could be disinfected.” After they were disinfected, they got a cotton blanket and a tin for soup. They only got to take shower every two months. And when other Soviets died, the newer Soviets came to take their belongings (Berkeley Heights). “The first gas chamber in Auschwitz was called 'The Little Red House' for its red brick exterior. Another gas chamber was made and was 'The Little White House'.” One thousand two hundred people could be gassed at one time (Bsky B).
“The direct reason for the establishment of this camp was the fact that mass arrests of Poles were increasing beyond capacity of existing local prisons (Luke Travels). When a prisoner came to the camp, they were selected to one of the two lines. “Those who were capable of hard work - on average about 20% of the arrivals - were told to go to the right side.” Everyone else were sentenced to death on the left side. It was originally used a prisoner camp for high end Poland officials, but more people started flooding in from places like Russia and Germany. The camp would eventually house 200,000 prisoners. However even the people on the right side suffered from starvation and were often worked to death (Candlewick). Most people think that Auschwitz was just one camp, but they are mistaken. Auschwitz was compiled of many different sub camps. Auschwitz I was the main camp with more than 1000 prisoners captive in it. The next Auschwitz camp was named Auschwitz-Birknaue and has the biggest prisoner population.”It was divided into more than a dozen sections separated by electrical barbed-wire fences.” The last part of Auschwitz was known as Auschwitz III. It was established to house prisoners who could work in factories (Holocaust Memorial Museum). The conditions in the camp...

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