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Auschwitz Nazi Concentration. Essay

843 words - 3 pages

Located thirty-seven miles west of Krakow, Auschwitz was thecamp where Jewish people were killed and worked. This camp , out ofall the rest tortured the most people. At the camp there was a a placecaled the "Black Wall," this was where the people were executed . InMarch of of 1941, there was another camp that started to be built.This second camp was called Auschwitz II, or Birkinau. It was located1.9 miles away from Auschwitz I. Peple that were chosen to come tothese camps were expelled from their homes. Their houses weredestroyed for the pupose of buildinf Birkinau. Birkinau had ninesub-units. They were separated from each other by electrically chargedfences that lines their borders. In August 1942, the womens section atAuscwitz I was moved to Birkinau. Nine hundred and ninty-nine womenfrom Ravensbruck camp and other women from different camps joined themalso. Birkinau now had over 6,000 women prisoners being held. In thetown Monowitz, another camp was being built. This camp was calledauschwitz III, or Buna-Monowitz. Other camps that were located closeto Monowitz were moved to Buna-Monowitz. The population of Bikinau wasthe most densly populated out of all the camps. It also had the mostcruel and and bad conditions of all the camps in the complex. Theprisoners at Birkinau mostly consisted of Jews, Poles, and Germans.There were a number of Gypsy and Czech Jew family camps located atBirkinau for a period of time also. In Birkinau, the gas chambers andthe creamatoria, where the bodies were burned operated at auschwitz I.Birkinau and all the other sub-camps were mostly forced labor camps.The most recognized of the labor camps are, Budy, Czechowitz,Glenwitz, Rajsko, and Furstenarube. The prisoners here were worked tothe piont of death. Trains transported people to the camps, andviolently forced them off the train. All of the people's property wasleft on the train also. They prisoners were sent into two differentlines, one for women and the other for men. The lines moved into theplace were a procedure called Selektion took place. The ones who couldwork were not killed ot this time, but the women, children, and othersthat couldn't work were gased. The prisoners that were to work, hadtheir clothes taken, heads shaved, got sterilized, and were givenblack and white striped clothes to wear. In the forced labor camps,the average life time was only a few months. Some of the prisonersthat couldn't react or move became what was known as Muselmann. Adreaded part of camps was the Appell, or roll...

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