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Australia And Anti Communism Description: Discussion About How Anti Communism In Australia Influenced Australian Politics And Foreign Policy.

1623 words - 6 pages

AUSTRALIA AND ANTI-COMMUNISMBy Brandon Khoo 10LThe 20th century saw the apparent spread of a new force in politics known as communism. The Soviet Union and China, two major countries in Asia had fallen to communist rule. The western world was aware that communism in any country would remove freedom and individual rights. The potential threat of this force sent fear throughout the world and the leaders of democratic countries. Uneasiness was especially obvious in Australia, as communism seemed to be moving its direction. These fears heavily affected everyday life, parties within the government and the decisions made by Australia.The stance of the Coalition, lead by Robert Menzies had a substantial impact on Australian Politics. The government, especially the Prime Minister held deep set fears about communism due to its astonishing success and brutal spread through Asia. Australia as a whole believed that the spread of communism would endanger the land and its security. Menzies was aware that communists often lead supporters in a revolution which would consume the country, resulting in a change of government. It was certainly apparent that Australian communists were taking action within trade unions, which concerned Menzies and many others greatly. This meant that communism was more than a threat in parliament. The coalition made sure that the public was apprised about the 'domino effect' and the communist menace, thus gaining the support of many voters, naturally some people did not agree. The coalition's attitude toward communism influenced the political direction and support for itself tremendously.During the 1950s, the possibility of a third world war (involving communists) was quite high. In fact 2 in 3 people believed that peace would not last beyond 1958. The government decided that Australia must prepare itself for any encounter with the communists and so devised an appropriate foreign policy which was presented by Percy Spender in 1950. He admitted to parliament that Australia was in danger and tailored the country's foreign policy to address the problem. The policy justified the government's actions regarding the various wars and operations that Australia joined, such as the Malayan emergency, Korean, Vietnam War, most with the purpose of improving relations with the USA or Great Britain, a key aim in the foreign policy. It also led to the formation of the ANZUS (with USA) and SEATO (with nations opposed to Communism in SE Asia) treaties, gaining Australia some support in accordance with the foreign policy. These achievements pleased the public. The opposition, specifically the labour party, agreed with most of the policy. Fears about the communist advance forced Australia to adjust its foreign policy, a guideline on how Australia should behave with respect to other countries. This resulted in the development of political relationships with other countries and was the impetus for much parliamentary discussion.The cartoon 'The Spreading...

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