This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Australian And American Female Nurses In The Armed Forces

2375 words - 10 pages

Australian and American Female Nurses in the Armed Forces

To what extent were Australian and American female nurses treated as professionals in the armed forces?

"We have made partners of the women in this war; shall we admit them only to a partnership of suffering and sacrifice and not to a partnership of privilege and right?" U.S President Wilson, September 1918

My research for this essay showed that although there were similarities between American and Australian attitudes towards female nurses serving in their armed forces, some elements of the American War Department were more reluctant in allowing female nurses to serve as part of the armed forces in World War One.

The different types of sources consulted were useful for different purposes. For example, the Australian Defence Department website (See Web Reference 3) although very detailed, suffers the expected bias due to it being written and published by the nursing corps of the current Australian Army. I also discovered that it was essential to distinguish between different parts of the armed forces because in some instances, like the case of the US War Department and the US Army, they had conflicting views on female nurses serving in World War One.

This essay shows that there was a temporary marked change in each country towards the attitude of female nurses participating in the armed forces as the war progressed. However, after the conclusion of World War One, whilst they had earned respect for the nursing profession, their contribution was still not enough to admit them into the armed forces on a permanent basis.

The establishment of the Australian Army Nursing Service in New South Wales in 1898 (Adam-Smith, 1984, 16), and in America the creation of the Army Nursing Corps in 1901 (Bullough & Sentz, 2000, 77) opened the door for women to take part in some areas of the military, but only slightly. The outbreak of World War One was the major factor in the change of attitude towards nurses participating in the armed forces. Nurses were to become the most significant section of American and Australian women that directly took part in the war away from home.

World War One was the most significant opportunity for nurses and other groups of women to have direct involvement in public, national affairs and not just indirect private family matters as it used to be. World War One was the first time on a large scale that gave women the opportunity to choose either direct or indirect involvement.
The history of modern nursing stems from the pioneer work of Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) who turned nursing into a respected profession and vocation. She also reformed hospital sanitation methods. (Cohen, 1997, 128) She worked for a year as an unpaid superintendent of a London "establishment for gentlewomen during illness,"(Cohen, 1997, 130) until she and 38 other nurses were recruited for service in the Crimean War. This was the first time women were introduced to work as...

Find Another Essay On Australian and American Female Nurses in the Armed Forces

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia

1517 words - 6 pages The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia, or FARC, have been waging a guerilla war against the Columbian government for thirty-eight years. The organization has a Marxist-Socialist ideological base and has been terrorizing Columbia for some time now. The most recent development is Senator Martha Catalina Daniels was shot twice in the head and killed on March 3. Her body and two others

How successful was Japan in establishing a new style of economy, government and armed forces in the period of the Meiji Emperor (1868-1912)?

2749 words - 11 pages warships and 500,000 well trained well armed soldiers. It had become the strongest military power in Asia. Subsequent wars won with Russia and China.For its industrialization, Japan needed Coal. Being a barren island, it turned towards the rich mined soils of Korea and Manchuria. Both belonged to China. Thus war with China was inevitable. In 1876, Japan forced Korea (Tributary paying state to China) to open three ports to Japanese trade. In 1885

The American Nurses Association

1357 words - 5 pages continually educate ourselves about the nursing laws, professional standards, and code of ethics all of which we are committed to. American Nurses Association The American Nurses Association (ANA) developed a foundation for which all nurses are expected to perform their basic duties in order to meet the needs of the society we serve. The ANA “has long been instrumental in the development of three foundational documents for professional nursing; its

Geography: The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

1934 words - 8 pages relationships in the region. Threats The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) is the largest, oldest, and most influential threat group operating in Colombia. FARC targets government officials and military forces in jungle and urban environments with land mines, ambushes, kidnappings, and snipers. As of late 2012, however, representatives of FARC and the Colombian government are engaging in peace talks in Havana. In March 2014, FARC

Coltan and Armed Conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo

2658 words - 11 pages Introduction The role of minerals as fuels to armed conflicts in poor countries has been long debated. Conversely, to date, policy initiatives towards the eradication of those clashes have not achieved any noteworthy breakthrough. This work addresses the specific case of the deadly conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the strategic position of a specific mineral commodity (coltan) in such framework. It starts with a short

American and Australian Communications

1659 words - 7 pages currently embrace the latest forms of digital television. However, it appears that this change is largely due to outside influence, particularly from the United States, since several American shows have aired there for years (David Letterman, Oprah and Law and Order). As a matter of fact, in an attempt address this transformation of public interest, Foxtel Chief Executive Kim Williams (2010) asserted these beliefs, “Australian consumers are some of

How and Why Did American Popular Culture Influence Australian Society in the 1950s and 1960s?

745 words - 3 pages . Radio stations devoted much less time to talking so they could fit in more American music, because that is what the Australian people wanted to hear. American artists such as Elvis Presley and Bill Haley (and his band 'The Comets') we hugely popular in Australia and were idols for the teenagers generation. During this time, Australia's most notorious rock 'n' roll singer rose to fame - Johnny O'Keefe, Heavily influenced by American rock 'n' roll

The Role of Female Characters in American Literature: The Great Gatsby and The Grapes of Wrath

1166 words - 5 pages For readers who observe literature through a feminist lens, they will notice the depiction of female characters, and this makes a large statement on the author’s perception of feminism. Through portraying these women as specific female archetypes, the author creates sense of what roles women play in both their families and in society. In books such as The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck and The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, the roles

The Making of An Army of One In response to our military's racial animosity, the armed forces implemented affirmative action plans during the 1970s

1475 words - 6 pages The Making of An Army of OneIn response to our military's racial animosity, the armed forces implemented affirmativeaction plans during the 1970s. President Clinton's 1999 review of affirmative action confirmedthat these plans have succeeded in expanding representation of minorities and women,especially as officers, while improving race relations, promoting integration, and enhancingoverall combat readiness. The Army has been characterized as

American and British influence on the Australian Pop culture in 1950s

625 words - 3 pages Elvis Presley became extremely popular. This was the generation of the teenagers and teenage rebellion. An Australian performer, Johnny O'keefe became Australia's "Elvis". American culture was helped by the development of radio, that enable them to influence foreign culture in more ways. This technological development opened a gate like a one way communication where popular culture from other country can travel worldwide.The newly formed

Armed Teachers and Staff in Schools

1891 words - 8 pages they are present, most states cannot adequately provide the necessary manpower needed to patrol every school in the district, leaving some schools vulnerable to an attack. Another solution mentioned is to allow teachers, staff members and other qualified and licensed individuals to carry a firearm while on school property. This allows those armed with a firearm, to provide the first line of defense in the event an armed suspect gains entry to a

Similar Essays

Human And Civil Rights In Armed Forces

2346 words - 10 pages time the Civil and Human rights of the United States’ armed forces are almost always met. Though the disadvantages of wartime are often overshadowed by the advantages: advancements in gender and race equality, as well as the advancement of technology, violations against a soldier’s human and civil rights by his loss of his speech and in some cases, his life, coupled with serious discrimination against anyone not deemed fit enough to serve (women

A Career In The Armed Forces

731 words - 3 pages One of the largest and every growing career fields in the U.S is in the armed forces whether its the Marines,Air Force, Navy, or Army each offer a widespread variety of job opportunities some general and others more specified to a certain career field like medicine or Mechanics. However to first be able to enlist in the armed forces one must take the ASVAP which is a general test covering different areas from math to english to basic knowledge

What Leadership Means, And Why It Matters In The Singapore Armed Forces

1767 words - 8 pages WHAT LEADERSHIP MEANS TO YOU AND WHY IT MATTERS IN THE SAF? The SAF defines Leadership as “a process of influencing people to accomplish the mission, inspiring their commitment, and improving the organisation”1. Leadership is a process of influencing others to follow a given direction and it involves three components: the leader, the follower and the outcome. To me, leadership is about the 3Rs – Reason, Responsibility and Respect. Reason

Institutional Discrimination Against Women In The Armed Forces

1298 words - 6 pages Krosnell (2005) and Prividera & Howard (2012), the Armed Forces as a male-governed institution have produced and recreated norms and practices that discriminate against women. First, in the recruitment of Armed Forces personnel, there exists a policy that limits the number of women to be accepted. In the Philippines, for example, the regular recruitment for the armed forces as a whole restricts the number of female cadets at not more than 20