Australian Federation Essay

1085 words - 4 pages

Federation is the joining of states to become one nation. The Australian government first considered federation in 1890 when premier Henry Parkes convinced other premiers to discuss federation in the Australasian Federation Convention. Australia finally federated in 1901 after many failed attempts at doing so. Australia finally federated because
This essay will discuss two advantages of Australia federating and two disadvantages of Australia doing so. The advantages that will be outlined and discussed in this essay will be that federation helped Australia’s economy & federation was essential for Australia so it would not be colonised by another country due to a stronger defence force. The disadvantages that will be shown and explained are: there was to be one uniform law system that fits all instead of having separate law systems to best suite each colony & federation was a way to make the perfect “white Australia”.
The first advantage towards Australia from federation that will be discussed in this essay is that federation helped Australia’s economy. Prior to federation the continent of Australia was broke up into six small economies, each a colony. Federation meant that Australia would become a bigger and better economy therefore other governments, particularly Brittan would be more willing to grant Australia loans and invest within it, opposed to doing so with smaller and separate colonies. Federation also had an effect on the tariffs. Prior to federation business people had to pay tariffs but under federation the tariffs would be abolished and free trade would make cheaper production costs and open up many more business opportunities. In this sense, Federation should have been a necessity for Australia due to all the financial benefits it entailed. The economic benefits federation had on Australia were quite substantial too and would help Australia considerably. It would make trading much easier and cheaper, it would provide more money for the country as a whole from investments from off-shore governments and form better relationships between interstate traders.
The second and last advantage for the federation of Australia this essay will discuss is that federation was essential for Australia so it would not be colonised by another country due to a weak defence force. The effect federation would have on Australia’s defence force, basically was to unite all of the separate colonies armies and make it a stronger and more organised larger one. Before federation each colony had its own separate defence force which had the job of maintaining the colonies justice system, enforcing justice upon the occupants of the colony and anyone who wished to come into it . They also, if necessary had the duty to defend it. The problem with this system is that each colony had vast amounts of coastline and land in which with its limited supply of defence force members could not protect and maintain fully.
As stated in source 2 federation would have made a...

Find Another Essay On Australian Federation

Australian Political Developments 1901-1914 By Peter Li Question: Explain and discuss 2 major political developments after Federation

709 words - 3 pages After the federation of the colonies, during the period 1901 to 1914 Australia had several major political developments which affected the Australian society dramatically. One of these developments was "The Immigration Restriction Act 1901" which stopped immigrants from the surrounding Asian countries. Another important development was "The Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902" which made Australia one of the first places in the world to grant women

Evaluation Of A Website About The Australian Federation

1608 words - 6 pages The implications of the catastrophe of wars between states in Australia would be most interesting in the historical genre if we reflect upon the possibility (proposed by a historian) that the serene, peaceful state we are in today would probably not occur and, furthermore, that the subject of history may not be the same. The reason this has not happened is due to Federation on the date of 1st of January, 1901. Federation is when the six separate

How we cme about to having federation

461 words - 2 pages FEDERATION In spite of all the difficulties that occurred in the process of federation, the work of men such as Sir Henry Parkes helped to overcome these problems, and eventually in 1901 the six colonies of Australia joined together to form the Commonwealth of Australia. Railways helped connect people in different parts of the country, helping them feel closer together and more united as one country. Railways would also make it

The Federation Illusion

1988 words - 8 pages Australian colonies did not actually become law until approved by the British-appointed Governor. However, "the Queen" (the British Government) could disallow any law passed by any colonial parliament and it's Governor.The argument of this essay is that even with Australia's legal and political steps taken leading up to federation, federation still did not deliver full independence to the Australian people.In 1901 the Australian colonies

How and Why Federation Occured (613 Words)

602 words - 2 pages REASONS FORThere were many more reasons for not federating than for federating. However the much more convincing reasons came from those who wanted to federate. They believed federation was important, mainly to establish a solid defence, be able to trade between the states using a single railway system, and many born in Australia, now considered themselves to be Australian rather than English·THE RAILWAY SYSTEM - The Railway System was a

history paragraphs about the pride and pomp of australia during the federation celebrtions - brisbane state high - essay

509 words - 3 pages a whole but also how involved the nation got. The amount and way people participated in these events shows that pride was clearly evident during these joyous celebrations. During the federation celebrations, a significant amount of pride and pomp was shown. The grand scale events, which many took part in, were designed to clearly depict the pride and pomp of every Australian at that point in time. It was done successfully and as stated by many Australians. Pride and pomp was clearly evident in these celebrations and the pride will continuously live on.

Australian War Memorial

902 words - 4 pages Australian War MemorialThe Australian War Memorial in Canberra is very successful in honouring and commemorating those men and women who have served and fallen for their country in all armed conflicts since federation. It was constructed in 1941 and is designed to remember those men and women who have passed away during WWI, WWII, and other conflicts since and before then, most recently in the Iraq war. The commemorative area of the site is a

The process of federation in Australia

841 words - 3 pages compared the forming of the United States to the possible Australian federation. The United States, through becoming an independent country, also became highly successful. He believed Australia could also do this, but in a more peaceful manner. In addition, there was an important sense of nationalism. Most Australians at the time wanted the nation to be an Anglo - Saxon, English speaking country. This was only achievable as a whole nation. Defence was

The White Australia policy and the treatment of indigenous Australians in the early 20th century demonstrate that Australia was a racist society

1153 words - 5 pages population treated them as inferior beings, like they were not human.It was in the early 20th century when Australia federated. There were many reasons for federation, but one very crucial factor pushed federation through and united the country. This was the fact that federation could effectively keep out other races of people, as it did for many years. The way that all the leading politicians, political parties and newspapers had no division on

Analyze how the growth of nationalistic literature impacted Australia approx.700 words

775 words - 3 pages themselves and what they had created. Evidence of these can be seen in the work of many writers, who helped reinforce ideas of the true Australia. Overall, the Australian colonies were extremely parochial. However, gradually a sense of belonging to the same nation began to develop. The six colonies began to cooperate together for the benefit of the nation in the economy and federation.

Looking Back at The Dawn of Federation: Was it truly significant?

2104 words - 9 pages was in influencing our history will no doubt continue to be questioned for decades in the future, the contents of this essay will at the very least show the most well-known issues and acts of 20th century Australia that were directly shaped by Federation, and in that regard will argue that Federation was the most significant event in Australian modern history bar the landing of Botany Bay.   Although Australia had experienced a new beginning under

Similar Essays

"Describe The Benefits The Colonies Gained From Federation, And Discuss The Impact That Federation Had On The Typical Australian"

872 words - 3 pages million pounds. The figure doubled to 67.5, in 1911. The Australian economy had never seen such a rate of growth, over a 10-year period. The growth of the manufacturing industry was an underlying factor in the stated growth. Federation had provided an organized labour force. Rapidly expanding manufacturers, of Victoria, created markets in the other states.The rising prosperity of the nation coincided with critical social reforms, both in the work

Australian Federation Discuss Arguments Used For And Against The Idea Of Federation In The Late Nineteenth Century

862 words - 3 pages Reasons for Australian FederationIn 1901, the six colonies of Australia federated as a nation. It was, however, a long process, as there were arguments against this idea including the self-interests of different colonies and the size of a new nation if it occurred. Several reasons for federation were considered, such as the need for a united defence force, the development of a uniform rail system, free trade between colonies and the growth of

Reasons For Australian Federation Question: Discuss The Reasons For And Against Federation That Were Considered During The Late Nineteenth Century.

958 words - 4 pages One of the key reasons for Federation was to achieve a united defence force which could better protect Australia Reasons for Australian Federation In 1901, the six colonies of Australia federated as a nation. It was, however, a long process, as there were arguments against this idea including the self-interests of different colonies and the size of a new nation if it occurred. Several reasons for federation were considered, such as

Reasons For Australian Federation, Points For And Against It(300 Words)

398 words - 2 pages What is federation?Federation is a form of government in which powers and functions are divided between a central government and a number of political subdivisions that have a significant degree of political autonomy. It was the unification of Australian colonies which formed the commonwealth of Australia on 1st January 1901.ForBy the 1890's nearly 75% of the population had been born in Australia. This created growing Australian nationalism.By