Federation is the joining of states to become one nation. The Australian government first considered federation in 1890 when premier Henry Parkes convinced other premiers to discuss federation in the Australasian Federation Convention. Australia finally federated in 1901 after many failed attempts at doing so. Australia finally federated because
This essay will discuss two advantages of Australia federating and two disadvantages of Australia doing so. The advantages that will be outlined and discussed in this essay will be that federation helped Australia’s economy & federation was essential for Australia so it would not be colonised by another country due to a stronger defence force. The disadvantages that will be shown and explained are: there was to be one uniform law system that fits all instead of having separate law systems to best suite each colony & federation was a way to make the perfect “white Australia”.
The first advantage towards Australia from federation that will be discussed in this essay is that federation helped Australia’s economy. Prior to federation the continent of Australia was broke up into six small economies, each a colony. Federation meant that Australia would become a bigger and better economy therefore other governments, particularly Brittan would be more willing to grant Australia loans and invest within it, opposed to doing so with smaller and separate colonies. Federation also had an effect on the tariffs. Prior to federation business people had to pay tariffs but under federation the tariffs would be abolished and free trade would make cheaper production costs and open up many more business opportunities. In this sense, Federation should have been a necessity for Australia due to all the financial benefits it entailed. The economic benefits federation had on Australia were quite substantial too and would help Australia considerably. It would make trading much easier and cheaper, it would provide more money for the country as a whole from investments from off-shore governments and form better relationships between interstate traders.
The second and last advantage for the federation of Australia this essay will discuss is that federation was essential for Australia so it would not be colonised by another country due to a weak defence force. The effect federation would have on Australia’s defence force, basically was to unite all of the separate colonies armies and make it a stronger and more organised larger one. Before federation each colony had its own separate defence force which had the job of maintaining the colonies justice system, enforcing justice upon the occupants of the colony and anyone who wished to come into it . They also, if necessary had the duty to defend it. The problem with this system is that each colony had vast amounts of coastline and land in which with its limited supply of defence force members could not protect and maintain fully.
As stated in source 2 federation would have made a...