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Australian Health Care Essay

1331 words - 6 pages

Oral health in Australia is a concern. The impact of poor dental health can instigate ulcers, gingivitis, gum disease and damage one’s overall health. Tooth decay is extensive among Australian adults, and tooth aches are a considerable amount of hospital admission for children (Parliament of Australia, 2013). Two in three children aged 14 years have deteriorated permanent teeth, while three in ten adults receive no treatment at all. Adults living in rural Australia are 1.7 times more likely to have no teeth than those in major cities. 14 percent of children and 37 percent of adults avoid or delaying seeing a dentist due to costs (Australian Institude of Health and Welfare, 2012). The ...view middle of the document...

2 million to approximately 5.7 million which is around 19 percent increase (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2014). Yet over the same period individuals aged 15 years or under is projected to decrease from 19 percent to 15 percent (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2014). The impact on the health system alone will have a dynamic consequences for younger Australians.
Financing this becomes problematic, Australia already spends 9.5 percent of gross domestic product (GPI) was health care services (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2013) and costs will only escalate. The health workforce in 2011 had 3.3 doctors and 10.1 nurses per 100 000 population however 25 percent of those were over the age of 55 years (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2013). Then there is community expectations on receiving services free or at a very low cost. Not to mentation globalisation which requires high efficient technology to transmit information internationally and finally government overregulation.
Ensuring effective and cost efficient health care is not an easy battle however, some pre-planning is required. Similar to superannuation funds, a foundation needs to be established for each Australian worker, then a percentage of their income should be paid directly into this reserve and may be drawn against when health care issues arise. This would elevate some of the financing pressure and community expectations. The Medicare levy tax would still be charged to cover medical training, research, technology and assist vulnerable Australians.
Prevention campaigns and early detection screenings have aided Australian’s in living a longer and healthy life. We have seen a decrease in infectious disease, which was a leading cause of infant mortality in Australia (Australian Bureau of Statistic, 2014) as a result of vaccination programs. Chronic disease is another matter with asthma and diabetes on the rise (World Health Organization, 2014). Assessment of the current delivery of services needs analysis to find more suitable and diverse avenues to reduce cost and increase efficiency.
The present health workforce is aging and current training is ineffective. There is insufficient medical places for the number of graduates, and uneven distribution of medical professionals across Australia generating shortfalls in regional communities (Health Workforce Australia, 2012). Improved coordination between trainees, employers, educator and the government is required to establish efficient pathways and maximise opportunities for medical graduates (Health Workforce Australia, 2012). Specialist training is poorly coordinated, contributing to uneven distribution of numbers between specialties, increasing the length of time to produce specialists, lost opportunities to address issues around geographic distribution and promote a better balance between generalist, specialist and sub-specialist training and some level of wastage in training...

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