This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Australian Health Care And Reform Essay

3784 words - 15 pages

A country’s health care system refers to all the institutions, programs, personnel, procedures, and the resources that are used to meet the health needs of its population. Health care systems vary from one country to another, depending on government policies and the health needs of the population. Besides, health care programs are flexible in the sense that they are tailored to meet health needs as they arise. Among the stakeholders in the formulation of a country’s health care system are governments, religious groups, non-governmental organizations, charity organizations, trade/labor unions, and interested individuals (Duckett, 2008). These entities formulate, implement, evaluate, and reform health services according to the needs of the sections of the population they target.
In the contrary, governments have the responsibility of ensuring all the citizens access quality health care, more so in public health facilities (Duckett, 2008). Despite the various forms taken by health care systems in the world, they seem to have common goals. These goals include the good health of their populations, equity and equality in health care funding among others. To achieve these goals, the functions to be executed include the generation of more resources, delivery of health services, and good leadership/management. This paper explores the Australian health care system, particularly its challenges, strengths, weaknesses, and the proposed reforms.
The Australian Health Care System
The Australian health care system comprises both the public and the private health sub-sectors. The health care system concerns itself with the financing, formulation, implementation, evaluation, and reforming of health services. The main sources of finance for the Australian health care system, also known as Medicare, are the income tax levy and the general revenue. For instance, high income-earners in Australia are taxed a 1% levy to fund the health care system. For proper funding and accountability in the use of the health care funds, Australia has established a national health policy, which emphasizes the provision and accessibility universal health services to the public. In fact, the federal government plays the all-important role of covering most of the public medical expenses in hospitals, albeit by way of subsidies in some cases. This coverage could be in form of subsidies on services or drugs, as realized in the Pharmaceutical Benefits Schemes (Hill et al., 2005). The level of expenditures the federal government covers in the health care system varies from in-hospital costs, general practitioner, to specialist services.
The other mechanism that determines the level of government cost coverage is whether a patient is a concession or is receiving other benefits. Moreover, there are situations when a patient has exceeded the threshold for federal subsidies. The threshold is often calculated on the allowable annual health expenditures. In situations where...

Find Another Essay On Australian Health Care and Reform

Health care reform Essay

970 words - 4 pages American health care system is a failure in the eyes of the rest of the world. The performance of the system is ranked 72nd in the world by the World Health Organization, bringing it down to the level of countries such as Iraq and Kuwait (World Health Organization 2). It is an embarrassment for the United States to fail at providing the basic right of health to its citizens. The only logical action for the United States government is to reform the

Health Care Reform Positions Essay

996 words - 4 pages rules that include protections for high-risk patients and greater individual responsibility, and to those who need it most should receive financial assistance to help purchase health insuranceSince we don't know yet what will be in the health reform bill, we do not know for sure how the bill will affect the economy. If they do pass Obama's proposed health care plan, then there are several downsides on how it will affect the economy. One is that

Health Care Reform

733 words - 3 pages is to provide universal health care to all Americans. Obama Care is also known as, “The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The Act was designed in efforts to reform the health care systems. The three major goals are to provide all Americans quality health care, to reduce health care spending costs and to protect patients financially, in order to receive affordable health care. The way this Act implements these goals are through

Health Care Reform

1334 words - 5 pages health care plans in his Social Security legislation. The American Medical Association attacked Roosevelt's plans on the health reform and Roosevelt removed the health care provisions from the Bill in 1935. The fear of organized medicines opposition to universal health care became standard from that point on. Health Care reform came back into considerations again in the 1990s by the Clinton Administration, but once again the plan was shut down

Health Care Reform

849 words - 3 pages Government in U.S. Politics, the Reagan administration instilled a dislike of centralized government in the American people. This was a major reason, according to Skocpol, why the Clinton Administration failed to nationalize “Health Security”. It was this fear of centralized government and Clinton’s failure to reform Health Care that makes a more centralized social policy unlikely in the near future.      There has been a

Health care reform

856 words - 3 pages Government in U.S. Politics, the Reagan administration instilled a dislike of centralized government in the American people. This was a major reason, according to Skocpol, why the Clinton Administration failed to nationalize ?Health Security?. It was this fear of centralized government and Clinton?s failure to reform Health Care that makes a more centralized social policy unlikely in the near future.There has been a necessity in the twentieth century

Health Care Reform

1207 words - 5 pages The Health Care Reform Bill was surrounded by an extensive array of factors and had many relevant elements which either supported or opposed the bill. This paper focuses on examining what the decision making procedure and particular issues linked with this specific process might have been in the developmental procedure and passing of the Health Care Reform Bill. The decision making aspects involved with the developmental and passing procedure of

Health Care Reform

1834 words - 8 pages Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act also commonly known as ObamaCare was signed into law by President Barak Obama on March 23, 2010 and will be fully implemented by the year 2020?. The reason the PPACA will take so long to be implemented is because of the complexity involved with reforming such a widely controversial piece of legistration. The PPACA in many ways was modeled after the health care reform that passed in Massachusetts’s, which

Health Care Reform

2754 words - 11 pages Health Care Reform INTRODUCTION Several years ago, health care reform was a hot political topic with President Bill Clinton's proposals to revolutionize medical health insurance. Even though his proposals didn't become law, sweeping changes are occurring within the health care system, particularly in regards to managed care health insurance and the reengineering of the hospital. The goals of these changes are to cut medical costs, make

Health Care Reform - 1226 words

1226 words - 5 pages , healthcare reform has been a concern for the longest time and actions are highly needed to sustain our healthcare delivery system. References: Cockerham, W. (2012). Medical Sociology (12th ed.). Prentice Hall. Berger, S. (2008). Fundamentals of Health Care Financial Management (3rd ed.).          Jossey-Bass. Dunn, R. (2010). Healthcare Management (9th ed.). AUPHA.

Health Care Reform in Unavoidable

2010 words - 9 pages [Pick the date] PAD 623   Background: For over a century, advocates for health care reform have attempted to change the laws of health care reform within the United States. With a few close calls and little to no change achieved the battles for health care reform and the explanations for their failures make for an interesting lesson in American history, philosophy and politics. In the late 1800’s to 1912, the federal government

Similar Essays

Health Care And Tort Reform Essay

1649 words - 7 pages Rising health care costs have caused a national crisis, and all agree we must embrace reform. President Obama has initiated his national health care plan in the hopes of decreasing some of the inflated costs. When attempting to resolve this issue, one must always address the root of the problem. A large portion of these inflationary costs stem from malpractice lawsuits, and so begins the debate for tort reform: legislation which would cut the

Health Care Reform: Then And Now

740 words - 3 pages One common theme that has resurfaced throughout the entire Obama administration and has created a great deal of focus and debate is health care reform. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) which was introduced by Obama in 2010 creates a new structure of health care. It transforms health care from “late-stage, high intensity, illness focused, tertiary, interventional health service to a much stronger value driven focus on

Australian Health Care Essay

1331 words - 6 pages living in rural Australia are 1.7 times more likely to have no teeth than those in major cities. 14 percent of children and 37 percent of adults avoid or delaying seeing a dentist due to costs (Australian Institude of Health and Welfare, 2012). The advantages of installing a dental program within Medicare would eliminate a majority of these issues. However, despite Australia spending 7 percent of the health budget in 2009 -10 on dental care

Australian Health Care Essay

1754 words - 7 pages (Health Workforce Australia, 2012). Quality control of products and price fixing of services and medications could monopolise the market, depriving the public of the benefits of price competition and choice of products. This may also dry up any outside resource’s (Australian Government, 2009). Australian Government. (2009). Primary health care reform in Australia. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved from http