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Australian Immigration Policy And Its Relation To Asia

1793 words - 7 pages

Australia is a classic country for immigration. It is an attractive country for migrants, with its friendly, multi-cultural society, most mild climates and a strong, vibrant economy. In the past 20 years Australia has "experienced large-scale immigration" from a new source of countries, particularly from Asia (Castles & Miller, 1993, pp.5). Australia's permanent immigration program has two components - Migration (non-Humanitarian) for skilled and family migrants and Humanitarian, for refugees and others with humanitarian needs (DIMIA, 2004). This essay will critically analyse Australian immigration policy and its relation to Asia.Before analysing Australians immigration policy, it is important to define what a migration and asylum seeker is. Papastergiadis (2000, pp.54) defined 'migration' as the process of people's movement through national boundaries. Migration is not only an issue of Australia and Asia, but it is also a global phenomenon. In 1990, according to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) estimate, there were 80 million international migrants, including all types of migrants whether documented or not (Castles & Miller, 1993, pp.4). People migrate individually or in groups and all have an affect on the place where they settle. They have affected the world's regions in different ways. Castles & Miller (1993, pp.5) considered that international migration has rebuilt global societies and politics, which is "part of a transnational revolution." When we talk about immigration, it cannot be ignored that asylum seekers are the special groups of migrants. Asylum seekers are "people who apply to the government of a country for recognition as a refugee"(DIMIA, 2004). If they are successful, they are offered protection in that country.The Australian government initiated an immigration policy after the end of World War II. The new policy considered that the lower population needed to be increased. The initial plan, which "was 70,000 migrants per year and a ratio of ten British migrants to every foreigner", was not able to succeed (Castles & Miller, 1993, pp.74). Until the late 1960s, the collapse of the White Australia Policy opened the way for non-European migrants, mainly from Asia. By the late 1980s, Asian migrants exceeded the migrants from Europe (Castles & Miller, 1993, pp.101). Australians population has just reached 20 million not long ago, which was built by over 6 million people have come to Australia as new settlers since 1945 (DIMIA, 2004). The continuous immigration policy built Australians population steadily. We can find some facts from DIMIA - The number of settlers arriving in Australia between July 2001 and June 2002 totaled 88 900. They came from more than 150 countries. Most were born in New Zealand (17.6 per cent), the United Kingdom (9.8 per cent), China (7.5 per cent), South Africa (6.4 per cent), India (5.7 per cent) and Indonesia (4.7 per cent) (DIMIA, 2004). Asians has increased gradually...

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