Australian Literature: What Images And Constructions Of 'australian Ness' Are Represented In Early Australian Literature?

1478 words - 6 pages

The concept of 'Australian-ness' had began its construction from before the English even reached Australia. Then as now Australia was seen as the land of opportunity. A new land with no history or system (Aboriginal society didn't exist to the British), waiting to be carved out and shaped by the new arrivals. From the beginning of the history of post-colonised Australia, the contributions and experiences of women, non-Anglo migrants and Aborigines were virtually ignored. Their stories certainly played no role in the forging of the Australian identity.What are the images and constructions of 'Australian-ness'? Although the Australian identity has transformed over time in essence our national identity remains the same today as it was form the beginning of its development; 'masculine, White Anglo-Irish and heterosexual.' (Schaffer 1988, p12).According to the myth the 'Typical Australian' is a practical man, rough and ready in his manners and quick to decry and appearance of affectation in others. He is a great improviser, ever willing to 'have a go' at anything, but willing too to be content with a task done in a way that is 'near enough'. Though capable of great exertion in an emergency, he normally feels no impulse to work hard without good cause. He is a 'hard case', sceptical about the values of religion and of intellectual and cultural pursuits generally. He believes that Jack is not only as good as his master but, at least in principle, probably a good deal better... He is a fiercely independent person who hates officiousness and authority...yet he is very hospitable and above all will stick to his mates through thick and thin... He swears hard and consistently, gambles heavily and often, and drinks deeply on occasion.' (Ward n.d., p1-2, in Schaffer 1988, p19)The image of 'Australian-ness' began developing from before the landing of the First Fleet. The English had a romanticised idea of Australia as somewhere rich, warm and bountiful, 'This Garden of Eden, this new promised land' (Grant et al, p3) and as somewhere not weighed down with the system of Britain, somewhere people could control their own destiny.''They go to an island to take personal charge,Much, warmer than Britain, and ten times as large,No custom-house duty, no freightage to pay,And tax free they live when at Botany Bay.' (Grant et al, p3)The convicts who had been wrenched away from their homes, families and friends to an exile with hostile natives and environment, didn't see it as the promised land.''I was convicted by the laws of England's hostile crown,Conveyed across those swelling seas in slavery's fetters bound,Forever banished from the shore where love and friendship grow,That loss of freedom to deplore and work the labouring hoe.' (Grant et al, p10)The convicts, many whom were Irish dissidents, were hostile to English laws and authority. 'The ballads of the convicts expresses their situation: at first the sentiment was nostalgic...later...the nostalgia disappeared, and...

Find Another Essay On Australian literature: What images and constructions of 'Australian-ness' are represented in early Australian literature?

Australian Humor and the Australian Identity

1914 words - 8 pages Australian humour is very unique to Australia, and many other cultures find it quite unusual. It can be described as dry, anti-authoritarian, self-mocking, very ironic and as to stretch the boundaries of what is acceptable. Our humour is seen through our use of slang, print cartoons, radio sketches, comedy series’ on television, films, everyday life and in Australian literature. According to the Collins Dictionary and Thesaurus , humour means

Mateship in Australian Films Essay

7483 words - 30 pages ) indicates, men's drinking essentially excludes women and in excluding women, there is a tendency that the codes of male companionship and drinking are reinforced by each other in Australian mateship. Nevertheless, what makes the difference between the images of mateship in Gallipoli and Idiot Box in terms of the drinking subculture is how the women in the films are designed to react to the behaviour. In Gallipoli, women have

Sociolinguistics of Australian English

4283 words - 17 pages , and many other towns and cities. Australian convicts of the early years, like Ned Kelly, still possess a place in popular culture through films, television, literature, and artwork. Obviously today Australia is a country full of educational and cultural opportunities, far from the situation of the beginning years. Nevertheless, many feel that Australia’s reputation has been forever marred by its convict birthstain.[5] Linguistics is one

americanisation of australian television

1013 words - 4 pages Wildside” ( Cited in the Sydney Morning Herald, David Dale). So whilst there are many Australians concerned over this issue there are so many more that do not see the affect the American TV culture is having on Australian television and its identity, the distinction between what is inside and outside Australian culture is slipping away. The influence of Americanisation upon Australian Free-to-air TV is clearly evident, If we look at the top 10 shows

American and Australian Communications

1659 words - 7 pages conditions. Nonetheless, these latest enhancements are only a small fraction of what the commonwealth area has to offer. The United States is well diversified in its communications industries and includes sound and visual components with the majority of the products it produces each day. As it happens, a great number of businesses and families own moveable contact centers that have almost any feature imaginable (e.g., iPhone, iPod Touch and Smartphone

The 'typical Australian' and indeed, Australian national identity, does not cover the diversity of Australian citizens and many groups, including women, are excluded.

1422 words - 6 pages is not, as by what it is." (1998, p.68). Therefore, if 'typical Australians' are imagined to be men, then women must be excluded in order for these images to exist.Politics, arts, industry, agriculture, media, big business ownership, management, science, technology and sport are predominantly represented by images of white, Australian men. Women are making progress in these areas but recognition of their presence and input lags far behind those of

Australian Films

1854 words - 7 pages In this report we will examine a couple of Australian movies which offer representations of Australian masculinities and discuss how men are represented and the relationship between this and questions of Australian identity. These movies are namely Crocodile Dundee (character Mick Dundee) and The Adventures of Barry McKenzie.One point becomes evident that that the characters type symbolized in Australian movies is predominantly male centered

Australian ecotherms and endotherms

1377 words - 6 pages Australian ectotherms and endothermsA- TYPES OF TEMPERATURE REGULATION1- The cat, human and platypus could be described as true endotherms, as they all maintain a relatively constant internal body temperature that is independent of the external temperature. As the environmental temperature rises from 5C to 40C, the humans body temperature remains constant, the cat's and the platypus' increases by around 3▫C.2- The lizard and echidna are

Australian Landscape and Identity

1922 words - 8 pages methods and techniques implemented by these artists changed the course of art in the 19th and early 20th centuries . The innovation of Monet and McCubbin drove the art of the time to its popularity and share many similarities in the art produced.BibliographyWebsite - Artistsfootsteps.comBook - Great Modern Masters - Sir John RothensteinBook - The Great Impressionists - Australian National GalleryBook - Musee Du Jeu De PaumeBook - Monet - Micheal Howard

"Drugs" and Australian laws

1606 words - 6 pages Self explanitory, fairly big in nice numbering system. got a good mark. its based on australian laws by the way.[1.] IntroductionDrugs have been, and always will be a controversial issue in today's culture. They are the cause of a lot of debate and disagreement among many people in today's culture, and are a major influential force in countries all over the world today. In this assessment I will be talking about many different issues raised

GIS And Australian Agriculture

1117 words - 4 pages The GIS and Australian Agriculture Geographic information systems are a combination of global positioning systems, which give longitude, latitude and elevation, satellite imagery, aerial photography, existing maps, land data and computer systems. All this information is combined to form the GIS. The result is stored computer information containing data about the Earth's surface that can be printed out or viewed directly from the computer. A

Similar Essays

What Is The Significance And Origins Of The Bush Legend And Other Images In Early Australian Literature?

820 words - 3 pages During the course of Australia's history, many historians, writers, poets and others have attempted to put their finger on and establish an authentic or 'real' Australian identity for the relatively young population. One of the important and prolific images or legends is the Bush legend. The bush legend has been a theme of great debate over the years and two historians who have participated in this debate are Russel Ward in his 'Australian

Australian Identity In Literature, Book: Paul Hogan, "Son Of Oz", James Oram

596 words - 2 pages He is so Australian he has stronger notions of being than many others. His identity is significantly Australian. You might ask what makes him so Australian? His attitudes, values and beliefs - but more than that - his physical, social, emotional and intellectual attributes that, in any quantity promotes and guarantees him as Australian.Yes you guessed it, I'm talking about no other than 'The son of Oz' PAUL HOGAN.If by any crazy chance you don't

How Are The Gender Roles Represented In Australian Short Stories? (From The Penguin Best Australian Short Stories) Comparing Three Stories, How Do They Change Over Time?

805 words - 3 pages The representation of Gender roles is an issue expressed in "The Penguin best Australian Short stories" collection. The issues of gender are expressed through gender inequality, stereotypical gender roles, the economic basis of marriage, and the expectations of women. These beliefs and their changes as the stories became more modern are presented through the stories, 'Monsieur Caloche', "The Lottery' and "A Gentleman's Agreement.The

The Influence Of Australian Women On Modernism In Australian Art.

1640 words - 7 pages experience rather than outwards to the landscape, and anticipate what are perhaps her finest painting, the late compositions such as Interior with Wardrobe Mirror(1955) in which the outside world is seen through a window or indirectly from a mirror. They are pictures of a radical retreat from the world of action or engagement, indeed a turning away from the material world of material things in search of a light that belongs to the realm of the