Austria Ottoman Report

864 words - 3 pages

The Austrian Empire had long been declining. This was due to a number of reasons. Most important were the different nationalities within the Empire. The Germans were the minority however they were in control of the government and all other important political positions. The Magyars, or the Hungarians, were powerless, and they were the larger group of disenfranchised people. The Italians in the west had become ceded after the war with Prussia and Italy. The Slavic groups in the north and south were very unorganized, and still didn't have any rights. The principle political figure in Austria was Prince Klemens von Metternich. He worked to crush all revolutionaries. He failed, and a revolution still occurs in 1848. Austria would have disappeared except for the divisions in the revolutionary peoples. They each wanted much different goals. At the end of this, Emperor Francis Joseph came to power. Under his reign, Austria lost Lombardy in 1859, and lost Venetia and control of the German States after the Seven Weeks War with Prussia. After this war, the Magyars were very close to dividing. To stop this Joseph met with Francis Deak, a Hungarian leader. In their Ausgleich, or compromise, Austria set up a new type of government, a dual monarchy. Joseph controlled Austria as an Emperor, and he controlled Hungary as a king. This eased a lot of the troubles from the more organized Hungarians, but it still left 3/5 of the people disenfranchised, or without voting rights. Austria and Hungary would have different politics, but they would have the same military and advisors. Ottoman Empire was known as the Powder Keg in the Balkans because it was made of very different groups including Europeans, Africans, and Muslims. They lost Greece in 1829, and by 1850 Moldavia and Wallachia were lost to Russia, and Egypt Arabia and other Balkan areas had gained their autonomy. The empire was just waiting for its demise. In The Crimean War, from 1854 to 1856 Russia fought Turkish forces to win access to the Mediterranean Sea. The British helped the Turks to keep the current trade routes, and the French fought to keep a balance in the already shaky Balkan area. During this war, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania fought for their freedom from their oppressors. There were not enough Turkish troops to suppress all of...

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