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Authority Of Imperial Rome And Classical Athens

1584 words - 7 pages

Romans and the Greeks have existed for generations, both equal in power. In Italy these two societies have a lot of authority. Where Imperial romans rule through their armies, the Greeks rule through culture. The romans even adopted the Greeks architecture and language. In Italy if people were not considered rich nor had any power unless people were bilingual in Greek and Latin. The imperial romans choose new emperors by their armies. The bigger army and support won imperator, and was the commander of the armies. Such imperators were known as Augustus, Caesar, and Tiberius. They used politics and brute strength to win the people over. Both societies have different authority, but are unique to one another.
The emperors no longer called themselves the first citizen. They were ordinary military men, who knew how to rule there armies. The senate funded the expense of the campaigns of commanders running for emperors. They had to win the people over, first there armies, then the senate, and then roman people themselves. He knew how to speak simply, and the people instantly were won over by him. Firstly, before he won the people over of roman and the senate, he won his armies support. They more support you had, the bigger army romans had. It was the most important of roman. Caesar rewarded his armies well and treated them like equals. He made the armies feel good to be in his army. After a war, Caesar rewarded his veterans with “reward of 24,000 sesterces, in addition to the 2,000 paid at the outbreak of hostilities and a farm as well.” (Suetonius pg18) Then he went on later to throw two feasts. He used even more flattery with the senate.
The imperial romans armies played a major role. They helped create support of political gains. Another person to who used their army was Augustus after Caesar. Caesar used his words and knew how to speak well. He had a convincing voice. Augustus did not he used a lot of force to gain what he wanted. At age sixteen Augustus was awarded military decorations. So already at an early age he was already excelling in the army. Caesar was the one who named Augustus his heir to the throne. Which he took and using the military to his fullest power he got revenge for Caesar. No one stopped him. Augustus did not treat his army as well as Caesar. He was never beside them in battle and did not treat them fairly. Even though he treated people badly they still followed him. Augusta liked having authority and he would even go out of his way to show he had more power. He wanted to be known as princeps. The senate over looked his displays of improper behavior because they did not want to face, “the external trappings of an autocracy.”
Eventually Augustus changed the membership of the consul from one thousand to six hundred. It had to be hereditary to gain office, and he was still elected to census meaning he was allowed to pick new members if he wanted. One smart move Augustan decided to do was to select one constitutional form...

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