This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Autism Essay

993 words - 4 pages

Autism is a biological brain disorder that generally appears before the age of three. Autism impairs the normal development of the brain in the areas of social interaction, communication skills, and cognitive function. Individuals with autism typically have difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities. Also one with autism often has numerous physical ailments which may include: allergies, asthma, epilepsy, digestive disorders, persistent viral infections, feeding disorders, sleeping disorders, and more.According to a survey twelve to sixteen percent of American children have developmental or behavioral disorders. Among these disorders is autism, which is also referred to as infantile autism or autistic disorder. Autistic disorder is more prevalent in males than in females. Males are four times more likely to develop autism; however, they usually have milder forms of the disorder, while females tend to have mental retardation associated with their autism. Even though autism differentiates among gender there appears to be no difference in prevalence across racial, ethnic, or socioeconomic boundaries, nor are there specific risk factors to be aware of.Autistic disorder is difficult to diagnose, especially in young children due to the fact that speech and reasoning are still developing. However, early diagnosis is essential and medical officials highly recommended that all children are screened for autism at least once to ensure early intervention. Autism is found in many forms and can vary from mild to severe. Also it can present itself alone or in addition to other conditions such as mental retardation, Tourette syndrome, attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorders, depression, or epilepsy. Autistic disorder is not usually recognized until age two, when the child starts having severe difficulty in relating to others, which is demonstrated by deficits in communication and the inability to form relationships.Autism does not have just one cause and medical researchers have been intensely investigating the role of genetic and environmental factors that may lead to the development of autism. Recently, a team of medical officials conducted a study to determine whether brain overgrowth and the rate of overgrowth during the first years of life was a contributing factor that eventually led to the development of autism. The study group consisted of forty-eight children with various degrees of autistic disorder. The children were between the ages of two and five years. Each child's medical records were reviewed, including head circumference, body length, and body weight measurements during the first year of their life. To determine the ages where infants with autism differ from healthy infants, the head circumference measurements of the autistic children were compared with that of the healthy population by using two nationally recognized normative databases: cross-sectional normative...

Find Another Essay On Autism

autism Essay

1287 words - 6 pages Vaccination and other perceived causes One of the highly contested and controversial debates in the past surrounding the cause of autism is vaccination. Those who firmly believe that vaccination is the culprit desperately cling on to whatever proof they have. Although it cannot be denied that the first symptoms of autism appear right after the child receives the first series of vaccinations. There are those who disagree vehemently

Autism Essay

620 words - 2 pages A. What the Disorder is Autism is a mental disorder that severely impairs a person's ability to communicate, interact with other people, and have normal contact with the outside world. In its simplest form, autism may seem like a learning disability. The more severe forms of autism involve strange behavior that can even cause injury to the person. Most autistic people (75%) have mental retardation. One in 500 people are affected by

Autism

2002 words - 8 pages When the topic of Autism is brought there are many thoughts that run through people's minds, some of them are true and some of them are not. There are also many different levels of severity when it comes to Autism, or Autism spectrum disorder. This paper will help to better explain what Autism is and what people who live with it face on a daily basis.What is AutismAutism is a developmental disability characteristically disturbing the processing

Autism

1689 words - 7 pages Autism *Missing Works Cited* There are many diseases and disorders that plague today’s society, but one of the most serious of those disorders is autism. Autism is the third most common developmental disability, affecting over one half million people worldwide (Autism Society of America). As of yet there is no cure for this debilitating disorder, only a variety of treatments. The history of autism extends, as far back as the late

"Autism"

2228 words - 9 pages "Autism"Imagine a disease that affects more than half a million people in the United States , impairs their social interaction and communication skills, knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries, and has no known cure (Dorman 1999). Autism is a complex developmental disorder that most usually surfaces sometime during the first 3 years of life (Ackerman 1997). This rare multifactoral disorder affects three to five out of every 10, 000 school

Autism - 665 words

665 words - 3 pages Autism is classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) and American Psychological Association as a developmental disability that results from a disorder of the human central nervous system.[1] It is diagnosed using specific criteria for impairments to social interaction, communication, interests, imagination and activities.[2] The causes, symptoms, etiology, treatment, and other issues are controversial.Autism manifests itself "before the

Autism - 1008 words

1008 words - 4 pages One of the fastest growing diseases in children now a day is a silent disorder that doesn't discriminated against race, gender, or socioeconomic backgrounds. Recent studies estimate that as many as 14 children out of 10,000 may have autism or a related condition. About 125,000 Americans are affected by these disorders, and nearly 4,000 families across the country have two or more children with autism. Three times as many boys as girls have

Autism - 1935 words

1935 words - 8 pages Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. This is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain.Autism is four more times prevalent in boys than girls. Autism shows no racial, ethnic or social boundaries. Family income, lifestyle and educational levels do not affect the chance of autism's occurrence. Autism and its associated behaviors have been

Autism

2475 words - 10 pages Autism “We start with an image—a tiny, golden child on hands and knees, circling round and round a spot on the floor in mysterious, self-absorbed delight. She does not look up, though she is smiling and laughing; she does not call our attention to the mysterious object of her pleasure. She does not see us at all. She and the spot are all there is, and though she is eighteen months old, an age for touching, tasting, pointing, pushing

Autism - 1408 words

1408 words - 6 pages Autism A little girl named Sally, quietly sits alone in a corner, rocking back and forth, humming to herself. Her classmates roam about in a chaotic manner, casually conversing, and inadvertently ignoring the little girl. Sally’s parents begin to wonder; is it just a phase or something more. Her parents soon learn that it is something more. With little more to go on than that of what the parents have observed, Sally’s pediatrician

Autism - 817 words

817 words - 3 pages The term autistic disorder was first coined in 1943 by psychiatrist Leo Kanner. He used it to describe how eleven disturbed children behaved in ways that were not similar to mental retardation or schizophrenia. He named the syndrome early infantile autism as he observed that "there is a from the start an extreme aloneness that, whenever possible, disregards, ignores, shuts out anything that comes to the child from the outside". He found that

Similar Essays

Autism Essay

686 words - 3 pages Imagine waking up as a mother and the little boy who called you mommy yesterday, now does not respond to his name. Many parents find themselves wondering why their children are not learning to talk around the right age and why their child does not want to be social with other children. This is occurring more frequently across America where autism is becoming more common in children. Autism, a complex problem that is difficult to diagnosis, has

Autism Essay 810 Words

810 words - 4 pages What is Autism Spectrum Disorder and how does it affect those who have it, both physically and psychologically? Autism Spectrum Disorder affects a substantial amount of the population. It is a complex, neurological spectrum condition that damages standard brain function, affecting the development of an individual’s communication and social skills. As a result, Autistic patients often experience repetitive behaviors, lack of spoken language, and

Autism Essay

1969 words - 8 pages While growing up with my little brothers I learned that my second youngest brother, Kayden, had something called High functioning autism. All I knew was that Kayden has a hard time controlling his emotions and would sometimes switch instantly between moods. One moment Kayden could be laughing while playing with his friends, and then all of a sudden he would start screaming at them because someone accidently stepped on his shoes. Kayden also

Autism Essay

1076 words - 4 pages There are many diseases and disorders that plague today’s society, but one of the most serious of those disorders is autism. Autism is not nearly as widely known as the familiar Down’s Syndrome, yet, surprisingly, autism is far more widespread. In fact, autism is the third most common developmental disability, affecting 400,000 people worldwide (Autism Society of America). As of yet there is no cure for this debilitating disorder, only a