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Autism Essay

1008 words - 4 pages

One of the fastest growing diseases in children now a day is a silent disorder that doesn't discriminated against race, gender, or socioeconomic backgrounds. Recent studies estimate that as many as 14 children out of 10,000 may have autism or a related condition. About 125,000 Americans are affected by these disorders, and nearly 4,000 families across the country have two or more children with autism. Three times as many boys as girls have autism. Autism affects anyone. Autism is one of the mental, emotional, and behavior disorders that appears in early childhood. Autism, or autistic disorder, almost always develops within the first 3 years of a child's life. Some people might be affected strongly by one symptom, while another person might be affect even worse by another. Here are the most common symptoms. As soon as autism is diagnosed, early intervention instruction should begin. Effective programs focus on developing communication, social, and cognitive skills. (http://www.autismspeaks.org/howtogrow/index.php) Autistic people tend to have unusual sensory experiences. These experiences may involve a sense being too sensitive, less sensitive than normal, or difficulty interpreting a sense. That's why you might see an autistic person trying to avoid being touched. Autism is a "spectrum of neuropsychiatry disorders characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication, and unusual and repetitive behavior. Some, but not all, people with autism are non-verbal." (http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2399) Medicinenet.com. Because of the alarming rates of autism new legislation and plans of action have been called to be enforce the pediatric community to get involved and pay more attention. Facts show that early intervention is the key to helping treat this complex disorder. The debate on causes of autism is very heated and since science hasn't found the cause or cure for autism everyone ahs their own opening. The only consistent factor in the clues to finding a cause is that it is believed that genetics is somehow involved. They're 3 popular forms of treatment for autism, traditional therapy (speech and occupational), Behavioral therapy, and holistic forms such as DAN doctors; not all work for each child and some children benefit from all. Since the spectrum is so varied and not every autistic child is the same there is no defined way of treatment but it is also prevents that doing nothing DOESN'T work.Communication is a very weak area of an autistic person so speech therapy is used to exercise that skill. Some children can physically talk but not process what they are saying. Echolalia is "the immediate and involuntary repetition of words or phrases just spoken by others, often a symptom of autism or some types of schizophrenia" (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/echolalia). Other children are non-verbal and need the assistance of communication devices to speak. PECTS, sign language, oral motor stimulants, etc. help...

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