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How Autism Affects Regular Brain Functions As Well As Socialization Skills

2364 words - 10 pages

What is the topic about?

Introduction

Autism is a complex neurological disorder that is the result of the brain abnormality, affecting a person's regular brain function and also the development of a person's communication and social interaction skills.
This neurological disorder is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) which include autistic disorder, Asperger Syndrome and Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD). [2] People with ASD share some similar characteristics and symptoms, such as troubles with collective communication. However, the differences are when the symptoms begin, severity of the disorder and the exact nature of the symptoms.
"Autism" derived from a Greek word "autós" meaning "self" - self isolation and the first person who used this term was an Austrian psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler to describe one group of symptoms of schizophrenia in 1908. This disease was first identified by an American psychiatrist - Leo Kranner in 1943.
Autism (or ASD) is a wide-spectrum disorder leading to no two people with ASD will have an exact same symptom.[2] The different variations of ASD symptoms, some people will have mild symptoms while others will have severe ones. Although ASD varies significantly in character and severity, it occurs in all ethnic and socioeconomic groups and affects every age group.[2] For many years ASD was uncommon - happening in just five children out of 10,000. However, since the early 1990s, the rate of autism has increased sharply around the world, as high as 60 per 10,000.[6] In March, 2012, the US federal Centers for Disease Control stated that 1 in 88 children in the US is conducted with ASDs according to estimates from CDC's Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) network.[6] This syndrome is 5 times more common among boys (1 in 54) that among girls (1 in 252).[6] While autism appears to be on the rise, it's unclear whether the growing number of diagnoses shows a real increase or comes from improved detection and awareness.[1]

Symptoms:

Built on the severity of the case, people with autism may have different symptoms from one another, though they do share a few core similarities. According to A Parent’s Guide to Autism Spectrum Disorder, a book by the US National Institute of Mental Health, these core similarities fall into three categories: social impairment, communication issues and repetitive and stereotyped behaviors.
Social Impairment:
It is the same for assume that people with autism face tremendous difficulty in social situations. Everyday skills such as making eye contact and expressing body language do not come easily to autistic people. They also have a disinterest in sharing their enjoyment or activities with others, which can hinder their ability to connect and establish relationships with those around them. Coupled with this, they also have a lack of empathy, a difficult to figure out what other people are feeling. This can be the result of not catching onto facial...

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