The term autism was first used by psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1908. He used it to describe one of his patients that had schizophrenia. He used it to describe his patient who had withdrawn into his own world. The pioneers of the study of ASDs were Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger. They both worked separately and studied different children. In their research, both of their studies showed that the children that they were studying showed similar characteristics. Both Kanner’s and Asperger’s children had problems in social activity and were different from normal children in terms of fine motor skills. (Mandal)
What is Autism? Autism spectrum disorder is a broad term for many diseases, one of them being autism, that affect how a kid thinks, interacts, learns, plays, and how he/she imagines. The literal term of Autism is “ . . . a group of biologically based neurodevelopmental disorders that affect a child’s behavior and social and communication skills” (Rosenblatt, Carbone, Yu 5). Some of the diseases related to
As I mentioned before, it is very hard to tell whether a kid has an ASD. I will give some examples of a kid that has an ASD. A typical child will turn his head when he/she hears their name. A child with an ASD might not turn or look at all even though you have called his/her name several times, but will respond to other sounds. A child without an ASD brings a picture to show to his mom and shares his joy from it with her. A child with an ASD might bring his/her mom a bottle of bubbles but doesn’t even look at his/her mom when he gives it and doesn’t share the pleasure of playing together. Also, a kid with delayed speech will point or use a facial gesture. A with an ASD will not do anything to make up for that delayed speech. (Rosenblatt, Carbone, Yu 10) Also, something common to ASD patients are seizures. 11-39% of autistic children usually develop seizures. Some at childhood and others at puberty. Pica is also a characteristic of ASD victims. Pica refers to eating items that are not food such as sand, rocks, paint, etc. And this can cause digestion problems, parasitic infections and illnesses. These children also have low muscle tone and mass. Mostly because they are inactive. This limits their motor skills. Most of them are also very sensitive to sounds, touch, taste, and smells that are unusual. For example, an alarm, a fluorescent light, scratchy fabrics, etc. They have deficiency problems with their immune system and severe allergies. This includes harsh rashes, allergic sensitivities, gastrointestinal and ear infections as well. Some of them also have hearing and visual impailments.
Many of you have probably wondered. Is there a cure for ASD? Can you recover from ASD? “You cannot recover from autism, but you can improve”(Wiseman 41). Professionals believe that once a child has been diagnosed with an ASD it can’t fully recover. This does not mean that the person cannot improve; just that ASD is a lifelong diagnosis. You can’t fully...