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Autism Essay

664 words - 3 pages


Diagnostic Summary Paper AUTISM Autism is a disorder that impairs the development
of a person's capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular
"normal" bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo
Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common
developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or
five times more common in males than in females. It most cited statistic is that autism
occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births. The estimate of children having autistic qualities is
reported to be 15 to 20 out of 10,000. The gender statement noted before is not
uncommon, since many developmental disabilities have a greater male to female ratio.
Autistic characteristics are different from birth. Two more common characteristics that
may be exhibited are the arching of the back while being held, to avoid contact, and also
failing to anticipate being picked up (limpness in the body). Infants with autism are
described as being either very passive, or very agitated. Sometimes during infancy there
will be cases of head rocking, and or banging, against the crib, but this is not always the
case. Approximately one-third of children develop normally until the ages of 1 1/2 to 3,
and then the symptoms emerge, referred to as "regressive autism." During childhood,
there is a commonality of the affected child insisting routine. The reasoning is that the
child is not able to cope with "novel" situations. Wearing the same clothes, or eating the
same foods during meals, are examples. Tantrums can occur when these perseverative
behaviors occur. Twenty years ago, most autistic individuals were institutionalized. Now
only the most severe cases live in institutions. During adulthood, autistic individuals are
known to live with their parents, in residential institutions, and some do live
independently. Because there are so many forms of this disorder, it has been said that
there is no true adjective to describe every type of person with autistic symptoms, or
autism. My research shows that there are no physiological tests that can be performed
to determine whether a person has autism. The diagnosis is given when a person exhibits
the...

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