Autism and Implications of Evidence Based Research on Therapeutic Interventions in Youth
The field of Autism continues to be an evolving and dynamic theme of exploration and research for professionals in the medical, educational, behavioral, and social science disciplines. The research around evidenced based therapies in these realms guides professional practice, interventions, programs, and long-term care for individuals with Autism. A review of the research studies published within the past five years on the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports in the management of behaviors for students with Autism within the educational setting will occur within this paper. The review of each research study will address the focus of the study, the questions the research study aims to answer, the sample the research study investigates, the experimental or research design used in the study, and finally the statistical tests used to derive the research results.
The Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (2009) published the article, Updating a meta-analysis of intervention research with challenging behaviour: Treatment validity and standards of practice, which reviews the previous research pertaining to best practice and the success rate of different strategies to address challenging behavior in children with developmental disabilities. Authors Shane Harvey, Diana Boer, Luanna Meyer, Ian Evan sought to conduct an extensive systematic meta-analysis of the literature published on research studies in regards to problem behaviors in children with developmental disabilities. Harvey, Boer, Meyer, and Evans attempt to replicate as closely as possible a research study first published approximately two decades ago on a comprehensive meta-analysis of behavior problems in children with developmental disabilities in order to provide clarity among the research from previous meta-analyses on this very topic. Because past meta-analysis studies demonstrate variation among method, metrics, and approaches to variable coding it is difficult to bring together the collection of data regarding the best practices, interventions, and techniques to address problem behaviors in individuals with developmental disabilities. Harvey, Boer, Meyer, and Evans (2009) concentrate on the recent body of research regarding behavior challenges in children with developmental disabilities in order to answer questions about: “the comparative success of various intervention methods for altering specific types of challenging behaviors, in particular situations, and for specific children and youth with developmental disabilities,”(Harvey et al., 2009, p. 69). Additionally, an investigation regarding the methodology used to acquire and report the results of the recent body of research studies published on problematic behaviors in youth with developmental disabilities occurs.
Harvey, Boer, Meyer, and Evans establish the following parameter for their meta-analysis of the...