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Autism. False Words And False Hopes

1724 words - 7 pages

Good report for Autism. "Informative, good organization"Hajducko 1Steven HajduckoProf. SimsMWF 10:00-11:0029 November 1995False Words and False HopeAutism is a childhood disease where the child is in a private world of theirown. A description of an autistic child by her mother is:We start with an image---a tiny, golden child on hands and knees,circling round and round a spot on the floor in mysterious self-absorbed delight. She does not look up, though she is smilingand laughing; she does not call our attention to the mysteriousobject of her pleasure. She does not see us at all. She and thespot are all there is, and though she is eighteen months old, anage for touching, tasting, pointing, pushing, exploring, she is doingnone of these. (Groden 2)This is the most important trait in an autistic child: They don't interact orsocialize with other people. Other characteristics in autistic children arelanguage retardation and ritualistic or compulsive behaviors. It used to bethought that children became autistic because of 'poor parenting' and that theonly solution was that the parents should be removed from the child (Baron-Cohen 26). Now it is known that autism is caused by biological factors due to:neurological symptoms, mental handicap, genetic causes, infections, and evendifficulties in pregnancy.Even though autism is thought of as a disease or disorder, autisticHajducko 2children can demonstrate special skills. These skills are referred to as 'isolatedislets of intelligence' (Baron-Cohen 53). Some examples of these are found inan autistic child's ability to draw, play music, or recall a certain date. Nadia, anautistic child, has the ability to draw in an 'almost photographic way' (Baron-Cohen 54). Autistic children can also play instruments, accurately sing songs,recognize structures of music, etc. A problem that arises when autistic childrenare going through therapy is that they start to lose their remarkable skills.For parents to find out that their child is autistic can be veryshocking. They go from having a bouncy, livey baby to a having a total strangeras their child. Many therapies have been devised to help autistic children.Some of these therapies are: behavior therapy, speech and language therapy,holding therapy, music therapy, and the newest one, facilitation therapy.Since most autistic children are different and their behaviors are different, onetherapy may be more effective than another one. Facilitation therapy is catchingon, but is already becoming a controversy. Although facilitation therapy is oneof the most popular used methods in communicating with autistic children, it isbeing downgraded because of the controversies where the children are beingmanipulated by the facilitators.A child with autism can be detected by the age of three. 'If treament isstarted right away, the child may gain their normal functioning. This is a criticalfactor in reversing the disorder' (McEachin 105). Other elements in autistictherapy that are important...

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