This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Autism Spectrum Disorder And Its Characteristics

1656 words - 7 pages

In 2000, one in every one hundred and fifty children was diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Since then, there has been a drastic increase of the incidence of this disorder. In 2013, according to the Centers for Disease Control, autism spectrum disorder occurs in one out of eighty eight children. (CDC, 2013) That is a significant increase over a relatively short period of time. With such an increase, it is important to learn what autism spectrum disorder is and what might cause it.
Autism spectrum disorder is the term used for a group of disorders in brain development. It is a complex disorder and symptoms usually appear before the child is age five. It is called a spectrum disorder because each person is affected differently with different degrees of severity. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011)
There are three disorders included under the umbrella of autism spectrum disorder. They are; autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder- not otherwise specified. Autistic disorder is known as “classic autism”. When you say autism, this is what most people think of. Some of the characteristics include profound language delays, and problems with social skills. Asperger syndrome is similar to the classic autism, but with milder symptoms. People with this disorder will also have problems with social skills. Usually though, they do not have significant language delays. (Autism Speaks, 2014) Pervasive developmental disorder- not otherwise specified, is a classification for people who have certain symptoms of autistic disorder or Asperger syndrome but not the more severe symptoms. The symptoms are milder than those of the other two disorders. (CDC, Facts about ASDs, 2013)
There are three common characteristics of autism spectrum disorder. The first is problems with communication. There are two ways that communication is affected in people with autism spectrum disorder (National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, 2012). The first is a pattern of irregular language development. Although, most people with autism do develop language skills, they are generally not at a level of a typically developing person and the progress of their language development is usually slow and irregular. An example of the irregular pattern of speech development seen in autism is Echolalia. Some estimates say that 85% of those with autism spectrum disorder who are verbal with show Echolalia in some form. (Teach Me to Talk, 2008) There are two types of echolalia. Immediate echolalia and delayed echolalia. Immediate echolalia occurs when the child echoes the words immediately after another says them. Delayed echolalia is when a child repeats the words or phrases long after they were originally said. This can occur days, weeks, or even months later.
Another example of irregular speech development is prosody. Webster dictionary defines prosody as the rhythm and pattern of the sounds of language....

Find Another Essay On Autism Spectrum Disorder and its Characteristics

Autism Spectrum Disorder Interventions Essay

2010 words - 8 pages successful outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder. All about Autism Spectrum Disorder With such a significant increase in the numbers of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder since 2000, it is important to understand all about what it is, its comorbidities, and how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Five classifies it. Autism Spectrum Disorder and its Characteristics Autism spectrum disorder is the term

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1191 words - 5 pages Autism Spectrum Disorder, Autism, and also known as being Autistic, can be a very mild or very severe disorder, or even a little in between. “With the May 2013 publication of the DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all autism disorders were merged into one umbrella diagnosis of ASD. Previously, they were recognized as distinct subtypes, including autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder- not otherwise specified

Autism Spectrum Disorder

1660 words - 7 pages explain what Autism Spectrum Disorder is, causes, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, clinical trials and what it is like living with someone with Autism (Autism Society, n.d.). What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? “Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Autism are general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development,” (Autism Speaks, n.d.). The developmental disability causes problems with behavior, social interaction, and both

Autism Spectrum Disorder

1166 words - 5 pages Autism and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are both disorders of brain development. There are five different spectrums to autism which is why my group choose this topic those different spectrums are Autistic disorder ("classic autism"), Rett syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative disorder, Pervasive developmental disorder- not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Aspergers syndrome. Each individual part of the spectrum is very interesting in the fact

Autism Spectrum Disorder - 1917 words

1917 words - 8 pages evaluate current treatment based on what is found. It is important to first note, that while Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has essential diagnostic features, there are varying manifestations of the disorder depending on the severity, and it should be reiterated that ASD is not a single condition but a spectrum of disorders. Nonetheless, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association

Forms of Autism Spectrum Disorder

747 words - 3 pages Shelby Bailey Ms. Price Composition 1 March 27, 2014 The Definition of Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. Autism effects verbal and nonverbal communication. It can cause intellectual disabilities and physical health issues. Sleep is a major physical health issue affected by autism. Autism affects over 2 million individuals in the United States

Research on Schools and Children with Autism SPectrum Disorder

1479 words - 6 pages It is the responsibility of a school to find ways to best support the learning and growth of children that fall under the umbrella of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Barnard, Prior and Potter describe autism as a “hidden disability”(2000) that the general public doesn’t have a great understanding or awareness of. Due to the lack of visibility in this disorder, many children that have characteristics or tendencies of autism can sometimes fall through

Autism Spectrum Disorder is the Misunderstood Disability

1148 words - 5 pages symptoms of this disorder include loss of bladder control, decline of speech, and social problems. There is no known cause of this disorder and it is treated in the same fashion as autistic disorder. The autism spectrum consists of five disorders that range from mild to severe. Each type of autism has its own characteristics, although they have some similarities. Asperger’s and pervasive developmental disorder are milder than the other disorders

An Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder

2329 words - 9 pages Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism spectrum disorder has become the most common neurological and developmental disorder diagnosed in children today. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012) estimate that 1 out of every 88 American children have been properly diagnosed. There is no known cure for autism, and the inconsistencies of the symptoms of autism in each case make it difficult to target a

Autism Spectrum Disorder in African American Children

2890 words - 12 pages years of age. Practitioners may be more likely to diagnose autism in white children and intellectual disability in non-whites because some may think that intellectual disability is lesser in whites. This pattern of delayed and missed ASD diagnose may be exacerbated among medically underserved ethnic and social minorities. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is known for its complex developmental disorders; however, this paper will concentrate on its

Asperger’s Syndrome: An Autism Spectrum Disorder

2602 words - 10 pages are quite similar to that of autistic disorder, and because of the striking similarities, Asperger's syndrome is considered to be on the mild end of the autism spectrum. However, there are other psychiatrists that dismiss it as a separate disorder altogether. Individuals with Asperger's syndrome display similar characteristics to those with autism, such as: "repetitive and stereotyped behaviors, intense interest in particular subject, object, or

Similar Essays

Characteristics Of Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1748 words - 7 pages Autism Spectrum Disorder Kami Tafolla Composition 1 Mr. Fricker   Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurological disorder that affects children and individuals all over the world in large quantities. There is no known cause or cure for Autism. Autism awareness is extremely important for individuals that are affected by autism every day. Individuals and their families are struggling throughout the years, financially and emotionally

Autism Spectrum Disorder And Its Comorbidities

1185 words - 5 pages Autism spectrum disorder is complex in and of itself but that complexity is only compounded by the comorbid conditions that can come with it. Some of these include sensory processing disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and seizures. Understanding the disorder and its comorbid conditions is challenging yet important for parents, medical professionals, and educators. A common comorbidity of autism spectrum disorder is sensory processing

Autism Spectrum Disorder And Interventions Essay

1306 words - 5 pages disintegrative disorder and pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) (Sunita and Bilszta, 2012). Some characteristics children represent with autism is the inability to make eye contact, to initiate and respond communication, and smile back at someone else who is smiling at them. Autistic children have trouble with understanding messages and interpretation of facial expressions, body language, tone of voice, and emotional

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1358 words - 6 pages was this study that defined autism spectrum disorder as its own condition and not a branch of schizophrenia as previously thought. This was the development of autism as it is known today. In 1944 Hans Asperger described four boys as being autistic, these boys had the traits of what it now known as Aspergers Syndrome. Over time two of the main theories on the cognation of autism spectrum disorder were developed, one being the theory of mind (ToM