When people hear the word autism, they think of someone with mental disabilities. Psychology Concepts describes autism as a “complex and poorly understood disorder.” (541) According to the National Institute of Mental Health, autism is defined as “a group of developmental brain disorders, collectively called autism spectrum disorder (ASD)”. There are five different disorders in the spectrum, which include autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, pervasive developmental disorder (not otherwise specified), Rett’s disorder, and childhood disintegrative disorder. Many people do not know there are various disorders that are considered a form of autism.
Autistic disorder is also known as classic autism and is what is commonly thought of when people hear the word autism. Children with this disorder have impairments with communication and social interaction and can often experience language delays. Also, children tend to show repetitive actions and have intellectual disabilities. The Autism Community website provides a list of symptoms that can help diagnose children. Based on this list, there are a certain number of symptoms from each category that suggest that a child should be tested for autism. According to an article written by Yong- Hwee Nah and his colleagues, “The Autism Detection in Early Childhood” was developed in 2007. Treatments for classic autism include an assortment of options such as speech and occupational therapy.
Asperger’s disorder is one of the milder forms of autism in which people can still be high functioning. Children diagnosed with this disorder suffer from social isolation and have difficulties communicating. Also, they show restrictive and repetitive actions. According to Aspergers. com, people with this disorder tend to have an interest in areas such as “cars, trains, French Literature, door knobs and hinges, cappuccino, meteorology, astronomy, or history.” The disorder was named after the doctor who first described it, Hans Asperger, in 1944. There is no cure for Asperger’s, however there are treatments, interventions, and therapies that can help. Occupation or physical therapy, early intervention, cognitive behavioral therapy, speech therapy, and parent training are all options for treating this disorder. Asperger’s is usually first diagnosed in children between the ages of 2 and 6, and is four times more common in males than females.
Pervasive developmental disorder (not otherwise specified) is a form of autism in which children suffer from social and communication impairments, along with other signs of autism but do not have enough of the symptoms to be classified as the other forms of autism. This is also considered a more mild form of autism. No one with this disorder is exactly the same, so the treatments can vary. The most common treatments are intervention and behavioral therapy.
Rett’s disorder is a neurological disorder that almost exclusively affects girls. Children who have this disorder...