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Auto Crisis Essay

1177 words - 5 pages

No podemos hablar de una crisis en un sector específico sin primero conocer las razones por las cuales sucedieron. Como ya todo mundo sabe, o debería de saber, en el año 2008 México cayó en una crisis financiera, la peor recesión económica de este país en 70 años, y de la cual todavía no se ha podido levantar completamente, o por lo menos, en ciertas industrias y mercados esta recesión se sigue sufriendo.Nuestra crisis está relacionada directamente con la crisis ocurrida de manera simultánea en varios países alrededor del mundo, especialmente con uno que se dice ser nuestro aliado y vecino, que se viste de estrellas y barras en rojo y blanco, ¿Ya te enteraste de quien hablo? (Si pensaste en Estados Unidos estas en lo correcto.) La desaceleración de Estados Unidos y la dependencia económica que tenemos con ellos contribuyeron a aumentar los efectos de la crisis; a este cuadro se suman otros hechos internos, especialmente la epidemia de influenza A (H1N1) que afecto al país desde abril de 2009.Como era de esperarse, la Industria Automotriz Mexicana depende también de Estados Unidos para tener un mayor crecimiento y un mejor flujo de efectivo, puesto que la mayoría de las ventas de automóviles, camiones y autopartes que hacen las fábricas automotrices establecidas en México dependen mucho de la exportación e importación con este país. Cuando llego la crisis económica a Estados Unidos, la cual afecto en mayor parte a los bancos y todo aquel comercio que daba expansiones de crédito a sus clientes -esto quiere decir que las personas iban y compraban algún bien o servicio y lo liquidaban en grandes lapsos de tiempo-, la Industria Automotriz dejo de recibir efectivo ya que las personas no tenían con que pagar debido a las grandes quiebras que sufrieron los bancos norteamericanos. Pero antes de entrar de lleno a todo esto de las crisis en esta industria, hablemos un poco de su historia.Evolución de la Industria Automotriz Mexicana.Fue en la década de los 80's cuando la Industria Automotriz Mexicana paso de ser un mercado interno a un mercado externo. Esto implico muchos cambios y mejorías en esta industria, ya que antes de que esto sucediera México dependía solamente de las importaciones y esto hacia que se perdiera mucho dinero en el mercado.Gracias a que las empresas automotrices mexicanas buscaron expandirse fuera del país, con la escusa de tener una ventaja competitiva sobre las otras empresas y poder crecer mundialmente, fue que se dio este cambio de mercado. Esta iniciativa que tomaron las empresas mexicanas impulsó la creación del TLC (Tratado de Libre Comercio), tratado que se hiciera entre México, Estados Unidos y Canadá. Pero fue hasta el 1 de Enero de 1994 cuando,...

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