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Autobiographien Als Quelle Essay

2885 words - 12 pages

Autobiographien als Quelle1 Inhaltsverzeichnis1 Einleitung 32 Definition und Einordnung in der Literatur 33 Ähnliche Literaturgattungen 74 Autobiographie als Quelle 95 Beispiel einer gefälschten Autobiographie 136 Quellen 152 EinleitungIn den letzten zwanzig Jahren ist das Interesse von Literaturwissenschaftler, Sozialhistorikern und Anthropologen an autobiographischen Schriften sprunghaft angestiegen und hat zu einer kaum noch überschaubaren Zahl von Aufsätzen, Sammelbänden und Monographien geführt. Fast jeder von uns hat im Laufe seines Lebens einmal eine Autobiographie gelesen. Ob es nun eine Autobiographie eines Prominenten, eines Politikers oder eines KZ-Häftlings sei, der Autor erzählt darin seine Lebensgeschichte.Will man nun so eine Autobiographie als Quelle verwenden, muss man einige Besonderheiten bei der Interpretation bezüglich Glaubhaftigkeit, Erinnerungsverzerrung und Authentizität bedenken. Diese Seminararbeit soll zuerst einen Überblick über den Begriff Autobiographie und die literarische Einordnung geben und dabei helfen, die Autobiographie als Quelle kritisch zu analysieren. Den Abschluss soll ein Beispiel einer gefälschten Autobiografie bilden.3 Definition und Einordnung in der LiteraturDie Autobiographie gehört zu den schriftlichen Quellen, die eigens und absichtlich zum Zwecke der Unterrichtung geschaffen worden sind. Genauer lässt sich die Autobiographie zu den Ego-Dokumenten einordnen. Ein Ego-Dokument ist eine Quelle, in der ein Mensch Auskunft über sich selbst gibt, unabhängig davon, ob dies freiwillig oder durch andere Umstände bedingt geschieht.Die Autobiographie selbst ist die Darstellung des eigenen Lebens. Der Autor beschreibt sein Leben von der Geburt bis zum Zeitpunkt der Niederschrift.Die Typische Lebensgeschichte einer Autobiographie lässt sich in Folgende Lebensabschnitte unterteilen: Kindheit, Elternhaus, Geschwister Schulzeit Jugend, Berufsausbildung Jung. Erwachsene Zeit d. Familiengründung Nachelterliche Gefährtenschaft Ältere/-er ArbeitnehmerIn Übergang ins Rentenalter (evtl. mit voriger Phase zusammengefasst) Witwenschaft (häufig bei Frauen) HochaltrigkeitMeistens sind es Prominente, die ihrem Leben rückwirkend durch literarische Selbstzeugnisse einen tiefern Sinn verleihen. Je unbekannter der Autor einer Autobiographie ist, desto bedeutsamer muss die erzählte Lebensgeschichte für die gesellschaftliche Masse sein. Für die Geschichte der Literatur - im Besonderen für die fiktionale Literatur und deren Verhältnis zur Realität - ist kaum etwas von größerem Interesse als diese schriftlichen Selbstzeugnisse, die sich z.B. in Autobiographien, Memoiren oder Tagebucheinträgen zeigen.Anders als im Roman, sind...

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