The Autobiography Of Malcolm X
As told by Alex Haley
Malcolm X was an American hero. As the declaration of independence states, '"'All men are created equal.'"' This statement was the foundation of the civil right movements of the 1960's. Malcolm X is a man that promoted a society in which all human beings were equally respected. He believed that blacks should achieve that goal using any means necessary. In a time when blacks were not allowed to sit in the front of the bus, use the same bathrooms, and not admitted to Universities. Malcolm X's cry of justice was believed to be the voice of all blacks behind closed doors. Malcolm X was by all reasonable standards an extremist. Yet his unyielding desire for equality drove him to the top of the civil rights scene and forever changed the lives of millions.
Malcolm was a byproduct of a time period and a difficult childhood. Earl Little, Malcolm"'"s father was a supporter of Marcus Garvey. Marcus Garvey urged Black Americans to return to their original and rightful homes, Africa. Earl little was murdered at the hands of the black legion when Malcolm was only 6 years old. His father was a major reason for the fiery anger apparent in Malcolm X. A second reason is his mother. The tension placed upon her by welfare, feeding eight hungry children and threats for the KKK, proved too much for her. She was sent to a mental institution and Malcolm was sent away to a reform school by the welfare department. While he attended this reform school he earned great grades and was at the top of his class. One day one of his favorite teachers asked the students what they wanted to be. When Malcolm answered that he wished to be a lawyer to the teacher, the teacher recommended that he be reasonable. He told Malcolm that a Negro didn"'"t have a chance at becoming a lawyer and maybe he should aspire to become a carpenter instead. After this point his interest in school plummeted and he dropped out of high school. He then moved to Boston where he was involved in numerous crimes including, drug dealing, drug addiction, hustling of many kinds, pimping, and robbing houses. He was eventually arrested for house robbery. Malcolm X grew up hard and needed a rescue from the life of pain and suffering he had endured is entire known life.
This savior was given to him in the shape of a book. While in prison, he was introduced to the Nation of Islam, a Black Muslim group, and changed his name to Malcolm X. He was in close communication with the Black Muslim leader Elijah Muhammad. After his release from prison he began to work for Elijah Muhammad spreading the word about the Black Muslims. He spent ceaseless hours trying to spread Islam in America. Malcolm started preaching for the Nation of Islam (NOI). His preaching was known for its hatred...