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Automotive Technoloogy Essay

1542 words - 7 pages

To begin with, an automobile has numerous parts so it makes automotive technology such a complex topic. An example would be that there are many different systems in an automobile in order for it to function properly. Therefore, the writer thinks that automobiles have been such a technological advance in the world.
Next, the writer thinks that the transmission is important in order for an automobile to move. The transmission alters the amount of speed and torque from the flywheel using something called gears. A stopped automobile needs an enormous amount of torque in order to start moving (Depcik, Heitmann, 2013, n.p.). To illustrate, the first gear allows the greatest torque to start moving an automobile (Basilio, 2014, personal communication). However, the first gear has a disadvantage of speed since it requires high torque (Depcik, Heitmann, 2013, n.p.). Torque is the force applied at a distance from the pivot. Torque is the twisting force that causes rotation in an automobile (Young, Bennet, 2000, n.p.).
Current Event
After that, in a hybrid electric vehicle the battery, super capacitor, and flywheel allow the capture and release of energy during startup or braking. A bidirectional multi-port converter can contain those energy storages and sources to combine the vehicles advantages (Kolyubin, Duarte, Hendrix, Paulides, 2012, P.183). This is vital because vehicle electronics improve the environmental performance of motor vehicles (Baron, Maranger Menk, 2012, P.44). This makes electronics important for green vehicle technology. A regular automobile hurts the environment due to the exhaust fumes coming from the tailpipe. These hybrid electric vehicles can help the environment so much.
Engine Cycle
Initially, the engine cycle has so many things that will happen at one time. In most cars, the engine goes through phases. Those phases would be the Intake, Compression, power, and exhaust. During the first phase, the piston moves down its cylinder (Basilio, 2014, personal communication). As this is happening, air is going into an empty cylinder cavity and the intake valve opens (Brain, 2014, n.p.). The second phase starts when air fills the cylinder. The intake valve closes and the piston moves up the cylinder compressing the air. When squeezing the air it is like a balloon and is more likely to explode (Basilio, 2014, personal communication). The force of the explosion triggers the third phase. The force of the explosion will push the piston back down and the burned gases stay in the cylinder cavity (Depcik, Heitmann, 2013, n.p.)

Afterwards, the fourth phase allows burned gases in the cylinder to release into the exhaust valve. The valve connects to the exhaust system, which cleanses the gases before releasing them into the air. The pistons are connecting to a crankshaft so as the piston moves down the crankshaft will spin (Basilio, 2014, personal communication). The spinning crankshaft is connecting to an automobile's transmission,...

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