Autonomy: A Concept Analysis

2222 words - 9 pages

Introduction
The concept analysis of autonomy will be analyzed according to the Walker and Avant method of concept analysis. Walker and Avant (2005) present a strategy for analyzing concepts in a comprehensive manner to present new theories and a common definition for different concepts. The current as well as historical meaning is an important aspect to analyze the concept of autonomy, as one must understand how one simple four syllable word grew into such a powerful concept. Definitive attributes drawn from the concept mapped for future use as well as case study as outlined by Walker and Avant (2005). The necessary attributes are then plugged into model, borderline, related and contrary cases so that full concept involvement and understanding is determined. Antecedents as well as consequences of the concept are also discussed for positive and negative connotations can clarify the meaning of the concept of autonomy. Finally the empirical referents of actual phenomena can be realized as Walker and Avant (2005) strive to explain and simplify the concept analysis.
Aims of the Concept
The aim of the analysis is meant to clarify the meaning of the word autonomy thereby the introduction of a concept. Clarification is needed as the word autonomy does have several meanings and not all apply to medical terminology, some meanings span to philosophy, technology and general decision making. The medical meaning is significant in the care of patients for improved outcomes through choice and educated decision making on the part of the patient. Autonomy can be empowering as a concept or even as a single word.
Current Uses of Autonomy
Autonomy is defined by dictionary reference as the state or quality of self-governing, also known as the right of self-government and also expresses autonomy to mean the self-directing freedom or moral independence (Dictionary reference, n.d.). This entry from the dictionary is in itself inspiring, as most individuals strive to be independent and free from the choices of others. Without independence and the freedom of choice, a dictatorship is in place. People may suffer when their own concerns and values are not respected, even if the choice made by others is the right choice it still is not giving the choice to the one who will be living through or with results of that choice.
Some aspects of autonomy are full disclosure, the ability to make a decision, all choices conceivably and realistically possible presented, further information and questions reasonably answered. Will (2011) discusses how full disclosure must be made to offer a possibility at autonomy. Full disclosure is a professional way for medical professionals to describe the risks of different decisions presented (Hossfeld, 2011). The ability to make a decision is rooted in the person’s level of cognition and possibly their culture as some cultures rely on a central member to make all decisions for another. Medical professionals must present all...

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