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Aviation Essay

1376 words - 6 pages

The Cessna Aircraft Company is an American general aviation aircraft created in 1927 by Clyde Cessna in Wichita, Kansas, which is currently where headquarters located. The Cessna Aircraft Company is best known for small piston-powered aircraft. Cessna 152 first introduced in 1977 after its successor, Cessna 150. Both Cessna 152 and Cessna 150 are an all metal high wing two seat aircraft with fixed tricycle landing gear widely used for flight training and personal use. The Cessna 152 is insignificantly improved from Cessna 150 with more economical to operate and increased the maximum certified gross weight.
The purposes of Cessna 152 are reliable, durable, economical and performance for training. To satisfy that purposes, Cessna 152 designed with all strong metals but light. The aircraft fuselage is semi-monocoque design with conventional formed sheet metal bulkhead, stringer, and skin. The wings are externally braced with a13 gallons gas tank in each side of the wing. The front and rear spar of the wing constructed with formed sheet metal ribs, doublers and stringer. In each wings attacked conventional hinged ailerons and single-slotted flaps that can extended 0 degrees to 30 degrees. Each wing is balanced to each other. With the heavy engine in the front, the tail must weight balance to the front. Therefore, the empennage, tail assembly, are designed with longer length consists of a conventional vertical stabilizer, rudder, horizontal stabilizer and elevator. For the strength and duration purpose, the entire empennage control surfaces are mostly formed with sheet metal ribs and reinforcement, a wrap around skin panel, sheet metal ribs and stiffeners.
Cessna 152 designed with 8 foot 6 inches tall from the ground, 24 foot one inch long from the tip of propeller hub to the tail, and 33 foot 4 inches wide from a wing tip to other wing tip. Wing area is 159.5 square feet with the wheel base length 58 inches. Cessna 152 designed with fixed Pitch propeller by McCauley Accessory Division propeller which contain two Blades. Each blade’s diameter is between 67.5 inches to 69 inches, it cannot be excess the limit, to meet the ground clearance of 12 inches. Cessna 152 equipped with a horizontally –opposed, four-cylinder, over head-valve, air-cooled, carbureted engine with a wet sump lubrication system. A Lycoming Model o-235-N2C engine is rated at 108 horse power at 2550 RPM. The engine stored 4-6 quarts of oils for cooling, lubrication and cleaning purposes. The MIL-L-6082 Aviation grade straight mineral oil will be used when deliver out of the factory and it will be replaced by MIL-L22851 Aviation grade Ashless dispersant oil after the first 25 hours of operation. The oils need to meet the standard of viscosity for temperature range. The aircraft is designed with cross-feeding between fuel tank and gravity feed fuel system. The two fuel tanks are located one in each wing with the capacity 13 gallons total capacity of 26 gallons with the usable fuel of...

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