The roles and responsibilities of GCAA and international (ICAO, EASA, FAA) regulatory authorities and their interrelationships.
General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA)
GCAA – The establishment of General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA), have its own legal entity and independent budget and responsible to the Minister of Communications. It is the General Authority for the execution of the Civil Aviation Law in the UAE. GCAA is also responsible to regulate Civil Aviation and provide designated aviation services with emphasis on safety and security and to strengthen the aviation industry within the UAE and its upper airspace.
The following responsibilities and functions of the GCAA are ...view middle of the document...
The responsibilities of EASA are:
o Authorizing the non-European operators
o Provide certification of aircraft and components along with the organizations’ approval in design, manufacture and maintenance of products in aviation.
o Establishing and managing the safety rules and inspections in the Member States
o Assisting the European Union for new legislation
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
The Federal Aviation Administration is the second largest aviation agency in the world located in United States. It authorizes all aspects within the civil aviation in the U.S.
The major roles of FAA are:
o Control the pilot issuance, suspension and revocation certificate
o Modernizing civil aviation relative to the advancement of technology
o Advancing the air traffic control and navigation system for both civil and military aircraft
o Regulating and taking control of U.S. commercial space transportation
o Control of air navigation facilities' geometry and flight inspection standards
o Ensure development of the National Airspace System and civil aeronautics
o Develop programs for controlling aircraft noise and other environmental effects of civil aviation
o Regulating civil aviation to promote safety and security.
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is the agency of the United Nations who promotes the development and planning of international air transports for safety and organized development. They are concerned about air navigation, flight inspection, infrastructure, as well as providing procedures and codes for transport safety authorities intended for air accident investigation.
The aims and objectives of ICAO are to develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation, and foster the planning and development of international air transport so as to:
• Assure the safe and orderly growth of international civil aviation throughout the world;
• Promote the arts of aircraft design and operation for peaceful purposes;
• Promote the development of airways, airport and air navigation facilities for international civil aviation;
• Meet the needs of the peoples of the world for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport;
• Keep economic waste caused by unreasonable competition.
• Control the rights of contracting states so that they are fully respected and that every contracting state has a fair opportunity to operate international airlines;
• Prevent discrimination between contracting states;
• Encourage safety of flight in international air navigation;
• Generally make the development of all aspects of international civil aeronautics.
Interrelationship of the above Regulatory Agencies:
The United Arab Emirates, represented by GCAA, is an active member of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and its specialized committees. It is also a member of the Arab Civil Aviation Commission (ACAC) Executive...