This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Prevention Of Viral Respiratory Nosocomial Infections Jacob Hawkins

738 words - 3 pages

PREVENTION OF VIRAL RESPIRATORY NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONSNosocomial infections are one of the biggest problems in post-hospital care. But recently the prevention of respiratory viral nosocomial infections (such as RSV, rhinovirus and influenza) have become the focus of many discussions. So in what ways can we reduce the frequency of viral respiratory nosocomial infections? First we must know the modes of transmission the pathogens use.RSV is the most important cause of respiratory infection in young children worldwide, infecting virtually every child in the first few years of life. One in every one to two hundred infants requires hospitalization, usually for bronchiolitis. And failure to follow fastidious infection control procedures inevitably leads to nosocomial transmission. And the modes of transmission are listed as respiratory secretions, inhalation of aerosols, indirectly by hands, handkerchiefs and eating utensils or other items freshly soiled by respiratory discharges. And viral shedding may persist for several weeks after symptoms are no longer present.Influenza type A or B viruses cause epidemics of disease almost every winter. And is a very substantial threat to hospitalized patients despite the existence of a fairly effective vaccine. In the united states approximately twenty percent of people with an average of thirty six thousand deaths and nearly four times that many hospitalizations.Influenza type A can be found in many different types of animals and, in rare cases, can be transferred from animals to humans. Chickens, ducks, pigs, horses and whales are the common carriers for Influenza type A. Although it is unusual, there is also the possibility of the human and animal viruses infecting the same animal or human. In this case the virus may mutate, mix, and create a new virus. The Influenza type B viruses only circulate among humans.Rhinovirus, though not as serious as RSV or influenza, can cause substantial problems in pediatric wards and with premature neonates or children with chronic diseases or undeveloped immune systems. But the most important reason to discuss rhinovirus is because it demonstrates the difficulty in proving how respiratory viruses are transmitted. The common cold is a nuisance and affects children four to eight times a year and adults three to five times. Though RSV and...


Nosocomial Infections Essay

564 words - 3 pages speaking remain in the air for several hours and can be inhaled in the same way as fine dust. They can survive for a long time on surfaces in the hospital and enter the body through wounds, catheters, and ventilators. Prevention of nosocomial infections is the responsibility of all health care professionals such as doctors, nurses, therapists, and pharmacists. Transmission of organisms can be limited between patients in direct patient care through adequate hand washing, usage of gloves, appropriate aseptic practice, isolation strategies, and sterilization practices.

obesity and immunity Essay

1303 words - 6 pages risk factor for post-operative and surgical site with an increased risk of blood-borne urinary and respiratory tract infections, and also a predictor for nosocomial bloodstream infection in older adults.33 Moreover, obesity is associated with ICU infections such as severe sepsis,34 septic shock and ventilator-associated, hospital-acquired pneumonia.33 Obesity lowers the expression of antiviral cytokines such as INF-α, and –β, followed by a

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

1281 words - 5 pages infection; bacterial attachment and colonization can occur if the wound is not cleaned and debrided, especially if it has been exposed to soil or contaminated water (Todar, 2008). Mucoid strains of Pseudomonas are commonly found as the cause of respiratory infections of cystic fibrosis patients and are highly resistant to antibiotics. Compromised patients are the most susceptible to nosocomial infection, especially those with compromised respiratory

Antimicrobial Resistance, Resistant Nosocomial Pathogens and Molecular Diagnosis of Emerging Infectious Diseases

1950 words - 8 pages (AMR) is the relative or complete lack of effect of an antimicrobial against a previously susceptible microbe’ (Selwa, 2013), this could be due to spontaneous mutation or acquisition of specific resistance genes. Microbes evolve to be better adapted to their environment due to inappropriate antimicrobial use such as antibiotic treatment for viral infections or incorrect use of medication. Examples of re-emerging pathogens include Staphylococcus

Article Analysis: Infection Control in Home Care

1171 words - 5 pages consistent methods for surveillance and acute-care practices of prevention are needed to control infections. The article provides an understanding about the appropriate strategy and need of training to assess the infectious disease and their risk. In addition, the author has also stated the development of prevention strategies (Rhinehart, 2001). Research Question/Problem This research study is based on a particular problem effective control

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

1821 words - 8 pages Infectious disease is considered an ever evolving issue world-wide. A number of health officials and idealists believed that the threat of infectious disease would have been eradicated by now.1 Infectious disease remains the leading cause of death across the globe and the third leading cause of death in the United States.2 Within the scope of infectious disease, the most common cause of illness is viral respiratory tract infections, also


1166 words - 5 pages .Mycobacterium tuberculosisStaphylococcus aureusPsueudomonas aeuruginosaEscherichia coliMyxococcusA bacterium with a complex developmental cycle. ( EPathogen, gram positive, major cause of nosocomial infections. ( BPathogen, gram negative, major cause of nosocomial infections. ( DPathogen, gram negative , major cause of infections in cystic fibrosis patients( CPathogen, groups with gram positive bacteria, extensively antibiotic resistant, kills many

Annotated Bibliography on Antibiotic

1201 words - 5 pages University of Gondar Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethip Med. 44(2):125-31. Mulu W, Kibru C, Bevene G, Damtie M (2012) Postoperative Nosocomial Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern of Bacteria Isolates among Patients Admitted at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahirdar, Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 22(1):7-18. Munckhof W. (2005) Antibiotics for surgical prophylaxis. Aust Prescr 28:38-40. Ongom PA, Obuku EA, Achan B (2012

Viral Pneumonia in Premature Babies

1297 words - 6 pages causes and symptoms of viral pneumonia in premature babies, the disease can be cured with treatment and proper prevention. Knowing the background information of viral pneumonia is vital in treating the disease in premature babies. Two scientists, Hippocrates and Maimonides, discovered pneumonia between 450 B.C. and 380 B.C as well as in the early nineteenth century. Hippocrates discovered pneumonia, but knew very little about it. On the other

Oral Care with Chlorhexidine

2350 words - 9 pages the incidence of VAP (Koeman et al.,2006). Houstan et al. (2002) studied administration of Chlorexidine rinses in cardiac patients intubated more than 24 hours and reported 58% fewer cases of pneumonia in those receiving Chlorhexidine than those who did not . DeRiso and colleagues evalauted 353 cardiac patients with twice daily rinses of Chlorhexidine compared to liquid placebo solutions and dtermined their were 69% fewer respiratory infections

What´s Nosocomial Infection

2728 words - 11 pages NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION A hospital-acquired infection (HAI), also called nosocomial infection in medical literature, is an infection whose growth is favored by a hospital environment. It may be acquired by a patient while visiting hospital or it may spread among hospital staff. Nosocomial infections include fungal and bacterial infections and are triggered by the decrease in resistance of a person. TYPES Modern healthcare employs many types of

Similar Essays

Prevention Of Transmissible Infections In Preoperative Settings

1118 words - 4 pages Protection of the patients and the healthcare personnel is a key role for the pre-operative nurses. The aim is to prevent the transfer of infection or drug effects from the patient to a second party, may it be the health care personnel or other patients for instance, the control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to the patient in a ward or to the visitors. The fundamental principle to infection prevention is breaking the elements required for and

Clinical Guidelines On The Prevention Of Catheter Related Bloodstream Infections

4563 words - 18 pages collaboration among different health disciplines cannot be emphasised enough. CRBSI remains one of the most serious complications and leading causes of hospital-acquired infections. A number of strategies that can be used in combination exist in the prevention of CRBSI. The most essential include improved education and awareness programs for health professionals; frequent hand hygiene; the use of maximal sterile barriers, appropriate site selection

Wuefewufhweui Essay

1267 words - 6 pages have determined that there are various types of nosocomial infections, and they consist of surgical wound infections, respiratory infections, genitourinary infections, and gastrointestinal infections. These infections are caused by unsterile and unclean environmental surfaces along with the improper hand washing, but these types of infections have been growing rapidly all across the world. According to the website, the most common

Discuss The Control Of Nosocomail Infections

2292 words - 9 pages patients arevulnerable to nosocomial infections due to reduced or impaired host defenses in resisting infection (Duffy 2002). Additionally, use of diagnostic and invasive procedures such as catheters, respiratory assistance devices, burns, surgery, monitoring devices, intravenous catheters and severity of illness (Hospital acquired infection/nosocomial infection Online), where, susceptibility to infections of patients in hospital longer than 48hrs